Farmer Support of Local Organizations, Causes, and Charities through Philanthropy

By Korsching, Peter F.; Lasley, Paul et al. | Community Development: Journal of the Community Development Society, October-December 2010 | Go to article overview

Farmer Support of Local Organizations, Causes, and Charities through Philanthropy


Korsching, Peter F., Lasley, Paul, Sapp, Stephen G., Titchner, Gerald D., Gruber, Trevalyn Garner, Community Development: Journal of the Community Development Society


As rural communities lose population, businesses close their doors, and financial resources become scarce, local leaders experience increasing difficulty providing necessary facilities and services to ensure an acceptable quality of life. A strategy for obtaining additional resources to meet local needs is through philanthropy or charitable giving of local residents. In farming communities, estate bequests have particular appeal because the legacy of many farmers is their land holdings. In 2004 the Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll questioned farmers about their philanthropy with local community organizations, causes, and charities. Amounts and types of local contributions by farmers are examined controlling for theoretically relevant personal, social, and structural factors. Results indicate that amount given is related primarily to economic factors, whereas who the benefactors are and the nature of the contributions is more a function of degree of participation in community organizations and activities. Implications for community development are discussed.

Keywords: citizen participation; philanthropy; rural community development

Introduction

In many rural communities leaders are exploring the establishment of community foundations as a strategy for obtaining financial resources to help meet local needs and spur development. But community developers generally have not given much consideration to the factors that influence charitable giving to local organizations and causes. The nature and process of charitable giving sometimes arises in discussions of such topics as altruism, social capital, and volunteerism, but for the most part, community developers and other social scientists have ignored community charitable giving in their scholarship. Very little is known about charitable giving at the local community level or the role of community foundations as recipients of donations and supporters of local development (Lowe, 2004). Rural community leaders looking for help in establishing community foundations to assist community development efforts have few concrete directions or guidelines to draw upon. Even though cooperation, mutual assistance, and volunteerism are assumed to comprise the bedrock of rural culture, developers still lack an understanding of the factors that motivate people to give of their wealth for community betterment.

This paper is an initial effort to explore the patterns and motivations of farmers' charitable giving to local organizations and causes. Beginning with a discussion of relevant literature from several disciplines, especially the literature related to community foundations and theories of philanthropy, the paper draws upon these theories extracting elements that apply to community philanthropy. These elements are integrated with community development theory, resulting in a theoretical framework for community giving and a working hypothesis. The hypothesis is tested with data from 2004 and 2005 statewide surveys of Iowa farm operators.

Philanthropy, charity and altruism

Philanthropy and charity often are used interchangeably in everyday dialogue, but in the scholarly literature the two terms have distinct definitions with a common base in altruism. Like so many concepts in the social sciences scholars often fail to agree on the definition of altruism, but those that emphasize the motivational aspects of altruistic behavior largely agree that it "... (a) must benefit another person, (b) must be performed voluntarily, (c) must be performed intentionally, (d) the benefit must be the goal by itself, and (e) must be performed without expecting an external reward" (BarTal, 1985-1986, 5). In a review of the theory and research of altruism, Piliavin and Charng (1990) found that the data from the social sciences showed compatibility with a position that altruism is part of human nature. "People do have 'other regarding sentiments," thus do contribute to public goods from which they benefit little, they do sacrifice for their children and even for others to whom they are not related" (Piliavin & Charng 1990, 29). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Farmer Support of Local Organizations, Causes, and Charities through Philanthropy
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.