Pens of Distinction

The Middle East, February 2011 | Go to article overview

Pens of Distinction


[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

A QUALITY PEN IS AS DEPENDABLE AS A GOOD FRIEND. Whether self-acquired or received as a gift, good pens become treasured possessions. Looked after, cared for and kept safe, a quality pen is always there for you.

Around 4000 BC, man scratched the surface of a moist clay tablet with bronze or a bone tool. Around 3000 BC, the Egyptians developed hieroglyphics. For writing on papyrus scrolls, scribes used thin reed brushes or reed pens. Later on the first pen--writing instrument--was the quill pen dipped into dark paint.

Then there arose a need to lengthen the time between dips, eliminate splatter, eliminate smearing and improve pen handling. It was in the early 1800s that the first designs for pens that could hold their own ink were patented. In 1884, L.E. Waterman, a New York City insurance salesman, designed the first workable fountain pen; the fountain pen was to become the predominant writing instrument for the next sixty years. Four fountain-pen manufacturers dominated the market: Parker, Sheaffer, Waterman and Wahl-Eversharp. In 1938, two Hungarians Laszlo Biro and George Biro invented the Biro. The new-formed Eterpen Company in Argentina commercialised the Biro pen. The press hailed the success of this writing tool because it could write for a year without refilling. The highly popular modern version of Laszlo Biro's pen, the BIC Cristal, has a daily worldwide sales figure of 14,000,000 pieces. Biro is still the generic name used for the ballpoint pen in most of the world.

Fountain pens sell today as a classic writing instrument and the original pens have become very hot collectibles. Despite the advent of the increasingly paperless work and domestic environments, the market for writing instruments is expected to reach $18.3 billion in 2011. The growth in the developed market is expected to be driven by technical innovations and creative marketing. Bespoke pens are very popular at the high end of the market, as are limited editions and special tribute pens; the newest will be showcased in the Middle East at the Paperworld exhibition, to be held in Dubai, 7-9 March 2011.

Expensive upmarket pens attract a lot of interest in the region and since its inception in 2005, the Premier Middle East Watches, Jewellery & Pens Awards has become a regular feature at the Bahrain International Exhibition & Convention Centre. The Awards have steadily grown in terms of nominations and votes received. In 2010, Pelikan Middle East & Africa (PMEA) took part for the first time and presented three premium fountain pens, which are all available exclusively in limited editions: Maki-e Seaworld in the Best Arts & Craftsmanship category, Fire in the Best Theme category and Hanging Gardens of Babylon, which won in the Best Historical Icon category.

Unique pens

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon premium writing implement is dedicated to one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is the fifth writing instrument in the series, which includes the Lighthouse of Alexandria and the Pyramids of Giza. The fountain pen features an extravagant cap, which depicts the structure of the historical gardens. Flower motifs are engraved on the gold-plated surface. The barrel is elaborately lacquered in dark green, while the fountain pen's front part and end piece have fine gold plating. The Hanging Gardens series is strictly limited: Pelikan has produced just 410 and each costs 2,950 [euro].

Pens are also launched as tributes, such as the Gandhi pen, launched by Montblanc: the Mahatma Gandhi Limited Edition 241 and the Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Edition 3000 pay homage to Gandhi for his role in freeing India. The Limited Edition 241 features an 18-cat gold nib with rhodium plating, hand engraved with a depiction of the 60-year-old Gandhi setting off on the Salt March of July 1930. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Pens of Distinction
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.