Shaking All over; THE WORLD'S BIGGEST EARTHQUAKES

The Mirror (London, England), March 3, 2011 | Go to article overview

Shaking All over; THE WORLD'S BIGGEST EARTHQUAKES


Byline: DEMELZA de BURCA

DEVASTATED Christchurch is coming to terms this week with the horrific earthquake that shattered the New Zealand city and killed at least 159 residents.

The bodies of some victims may never be recovered because they were pulverised by buildings that collapsed around them and the final death toll is likely to be around 240.

The 6.3 magnitude quake struck within a few miles of central Christchurch when the city was bustling with workers, shoppers and tourists going about their weekday afternoon activities.

It brought down or severely damaged office towers, churches and thousands of homes and will forever be remembered as one of the country's darkest days.

But for centuries natural disasters have etched their names into history, and earthquakes in particular are one of the most feared kinds.

We look at some of the most destructive.

SOUTHERN CHILE (1960) On May 22, 1960, the strongest earthquake ever recorded hit Chile with a magnitude 9.5 on the Richter scale. The most severe damage occurred in the Valdivia and Puerto Montt areas. Approximately 1,655 people were killed, 3,000 injured, 2,000,000 left homeless, with EUR400million damage caused.

A massive tsunami spread across the Pacific Ocean, causing 61 deaths and EUR55million damage in Hawaii, 138 deaths and EUR35million damage in Japan, 32 dead or missing in the Philippines, and EUR361,000 damage to the west coast of the United States.

TANSHAN (HEBEI), CHINA (1976) Chinese villagers have long remembered 1976 as "the year of the curse". On July 27, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.8 struck China's Tanshan region. It lasted 10 seconds and featured aftershocks as strong as 8.2 on the Richter scale.

This was devastating for a population of around 15 million, leaving between 500,000 to 800,000 dead.

But despite scientists having a poor record in terms of predicting earthquakes the Tanshan was one that benefited greatly from an early prediction.

Scientists are certain that many more would've died if the area hadn't received early warning from the State Seismological Bureau Analysis and Prediction Department.

The organisation predicted an earthquake would occur between mid-July and early August. It took 60 people, including the esteemed official, Wang Chunging, to warn the population and prepare for the disaster.

In all, there was 10 billion yen in total damage, and an estimated 85% of the buildings in Tanshan were destroyed. The Communist Party at the time of the incident turned down any international aid as the government wanted to be self-reliant and not depend on Western funds.

HAIYUAN COUNTY, CHINA (1920) Haiyuan (Ningxia) suffered a quake of 8.5 magnitude on December 16 and is often referred to as the Gensu earthquake (at the time, Ningxia was part of the Gensu province). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Shaking All over; THE WORLD'S BIGGEST EARTHQUAKES
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.