Social Skills of First-Grade Primary School Students and Preschool Education

By Gulay, Hulya; Akman, Berrin et al. | Education, Spring 2011 | Go to article overview

Social Skills of First-Grade Primary School Students and Preschool Education


Gulay, Hulya, Akman, Berrin, Kargi, Eda, Education


Introduction

Educational opportunities provided to children in preschool age not only support their development but also make positive contribution to parent--child relations. For long years, many studies carried out with various sample groups and in various cultures have shown that preschool education contributes to children's cognitive, emotional, social and bodily development as well as to their family (Horn et al. 2005; Huffman, Mehlinger and Kerivan, 2000; Jalongo et al. 2004; Pianta et al. 2002; Ramey and Ramey, 1998; Ramey et al. 2000; Tesser and Iedema, 2001). In the early years of their life, children acquire certain critical skills such as talking, walking and self-care, which lay the ground for many future skills (Hawken, Johnston and McDonnell, 2005). Preschool education supports their development in the short run, and contributes to the formation of positive behaviors in the long run. Experiences support the development of social skills. Therefore, many communities carry out various practices in preschool education to increase the motivation of children, to protect them from violence and to ensure their development.

Preschool education indirectly influences primary education through its effects on children. Preschool education has positive impacts on other stages of education (Al-Sahel 2006; Driessen 2004; Fantuzzo et al. 2005; Pianta et al. 2002). Research demonstrates that behavior problems in preschool period can continue in primary education years (Pianta and Stuhlman, 2004). Similarly, it is known that, compared to their peers, children who receive preschool education have higher levels of learning skills, more diverse skills and higher academic success during primary and secondary education (Sucuka et al. 1999). Downer and Pianta (2006) conducted a research with 832 children for two years, where they studied the impacts of preschool education on the development in the first year of primary school. The results show that family dynamics, academic success and quality of child care in preschool period is directly related with academic success in the first year of primary school. Furthermore, it was found that social competence in the preschool age is one of the preconditions of academic success in the first year of primary education. It is also mentioned that preschool education promotes positive behaviors among children and provides a more dynamic, independent and comfortable life style for them (Tudge et al. 2003). The other components which indicate the importance of preschool education are its economic and social contributions. Preschool education institutions provide equal opportunity of education and development to children from varying family backgrounds. Moreover, long-term studies about this topic show that children who take preschool education in their early years of life are more advantageous in continuing their further education and having a profession compared to the ones who do not (Seliverstova, 2006). In our country, Mother-Child Education Foundation (ACEV) conducted a three-stage scientific study called "Early Support Project" for 22 years in order to research the effects of preschool education. The first stage of the research started in 1982. Mothers and their 3 to 5 year-old children living in the suburbs of Istanbul received an education program, and the short-term effects of the program were investigated for four years. At the end of four years, the results demonstrated that the mental development and academic success of children who received either training from their mothers or institutional training was higher than the ones who did not. In 1992, the same children and their mothers were involved in a reinvestigation during the adolescence of children. The results showed that the preschool education maintained its positive effects. Finally, in 2004, measurements were made when the subjects of the study became adults. The findings of this second follow-up study indicated that children who received preschool education either at home or at school continued their education for longer years, had higher rates of admission to higher education and took more part in modern economic and social life (Kagitcibasi et al. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • A full archive of books and articles related to this one
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Social Skills of First-Grade Primary School Students and Preschool Education
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.