Abstracts of Japanese Essays on Evelyn Waugh, 1998-2010
Usui, Yoshiharu, Evelyn Waugh Newsletter and Studies
Usui, Yoshiharu. "Chichi eno nagai michinori--Eyurin Wo Meiyonoken sanbusaku kenkyu [A Long Way to Fatherhood--A Study of Evelyn Waugh's Sword of Honour trilogy]." Seikei Jinbun Kenkyu [Seikei Journal of the Graduate School of Humanities] 7 (1998): 71-87.
Abstract: Evelyn Waugh's ideal image of a man was a gentleman father. Waugh's horror was not to become a gentleman father. When his first marriage broke up, Waugh thought the cause was his immaturity, and he traveled to British colonial frontiers as penance. Waugh remarried and became a father at last. Waugh could not find the ideal world of a gentleman even in the countryside. Waugh joined the army to seek the ideal. However, Waugh could not find it there either. In the end, Waugh found the image of the ideal gentleman in Catholics who achieve their mission through personal love. By depicting Guy Crouchback as the protagonist, Waugh makes his trilogy into a confession of his wandering soul's attempt to reach the solution.
Usui, Yoshiharu. "Evelyn Waugh no shosetsu niokeru Don Kihote teki yoso --shokishousetsu wo chushin ni [Influences of Don Quixote on Evelyn Waugh's Novels-Mainly Early Novels]." Seikei Jinbun Kenkyu [Seikei Journal of the Graduate School of Humanities] 7 (1999): 65-76.
Abstract: Evelyn Waugh's novels are influenced by Cervantes's Don Quixote. Cervantes wrote Don Quixote during the decline of the Spanish Empire and depicted its corruption. Waugh also depicts corruption of the world after World War I. Don Quixote read too many chivalry stories and went mad. He took himself to be a knight and wandered about, fighting for justice. He finally came back to sanity and died as a good Christian gentleman. The journey of Don Quixote is an important motif of Waugh's novels from Decline and Fall to the war trilogy. The most important influence of Cervantes is the description of reality. Cervantes depicted life as it is without explanation. Waugh inherited this detachment from Cervantes.
Usui, Yoshiharu. "Evelyn Waugh no Shousetsu ni Okeru Ford Madox Ford no Parade's End no Eikyou" ["The Influence of Ford Madox Ford's Parade's End Tetralogy on Evelyn Waugh's Novels"]. Seikei Humanities Research Journal 8 (2000): 39-56.
Abstract: According to letters to Diana Cooper, Evelyn Waugh was reading Parade's End while he was writing Sword of Honour. In both novels the battle scenes are few. Both authors describe protagonists' private lives during war. Ford did not appeal to readers on behalf of his ideas and principles. But in this tetralogy, he suggests that war is not desirable. He assumes an attitude of detachment from battle. It seems that he influenced Waugh to describe war with the same attitude. Parade's End may mean the end of the good old world of order. Commercialism and the rising middle class invade the upper class. This theme is common in Waugh's novels. Their wives' lies and betrayal also ruin the protagonists' careers and lives. Graham Greene, who highly praised Ford, said that the novel is an unlimited form that avoids purification. Ford's novels have simplicity, roughness, and vitality. Waugh's novels are consistently farcical and anti-Bildungsroman.
Sai, Takanori. "Evurin Wo saku Yori ookuno kokki wo ni tsuite" ["About Put Out More Flags by Evelyn Waugh"]. Hanazono Gakuen Daigaku Kenkyu Kiyo [Bulletin of Hanazono University] 4 (2001): 247-56.
Abstract: Since Evelyn Waugh published Put Out More Flags during the war, it had currency. Waugh wove suggestive description into this novel, so it stays close to fact. Waugh also used the form of picaresque novels to make POMF more lustrous. Picaresque novels allow readers to enjoy picaros' bad behavior. The form is suitable for a writer like Waugh: he thinks that everyone has defects and does not punish people of high status. He concludes that Basil's and Ambrose's follies are common to all of us. The author and his readers are not exceptions. This is the difference from satirical novels, which criticize particular individuals. …