Philippine Supreme Court 110th Anniversary
MANILA, Philippines - Prior to the establishment of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, judicial institutions existed during the Spanish colonial period.
From some authority conferred on barangay chiefs, the Spanish colonial authorities created the Royal Audiencia in 1583 as the highest tribunal in the country.
When the Philippines was occupied by the United States of America, the Supreme Court of the Philippines was officially established on June 11, 1901, through the passage of Act No. 136. By virtue of that law, judicial power in the Philippine islands was vested in the Supreme Court, Courts of First Instance, and Justice of the Peace Courts.
The Administrative Code of 1917 ordained the Supreme Court as the highest tribunal. Since then the Supreme Court, in particular, and the judicial system, as a whole, have undergone several changes, the most significant of which came after the democratic transition in 1986.
The Supreme Court of the Philippines remains the highest judicial court in the country composed of a Chief Justice and 14 Associate Justices. …