Thirty Books That Most Influenced My Understanding of Christian Mission

By Jongeneel, Jan A. B. | International Bulletin of Missionary Research, July 2011 | Go to article overview

Thirty Books That Most Influenced My Understanding of Christian Mission


Jongeneel, Jan A. B., International Bulletin of Missionary Research


As a teenager I started to read books on Christian mission in my parents' home in Kockengen, a village near Utrecht, Netherlands. They were supporters of the Reformed mission among the Toraja people in Sulawesi, Indonesia. While I was a student at the university, I received from my father a signed copy of the Reformed Mission League's volume Alle volken (All Nations) (The Hague: Van Keulen, 1963), which I still possess.

In Training

As a student in theology at Leiden University, I studied Christian missions, following the curriculum decided by my church, the Netherlands Reformed Church. The professor required extensive knowledge of only one book: Hendrik Kraemer's Christian Message in a Non-Christian World (London: Edinburgh House Press, 1938). This volume, which Kraemer wrote in seven weeks, was the first missiological work I studied carefully; it became the book that most impacted my understanding of Christian mission. Before studying this classic work, I examined Der Islam (Basel: Basler Missionsbuchhandlung; Stuttgart: Evang. Missionsverlag, 1956), by Emanuel Kellerhals. He pointed to Kraemer as one of the three key figures for studying the history, doctrine, and nature of Islam from the standpoint of a Christian missionary.

During my stay in the mission house at Oegstgeest (1968-71), I combined the drafting of my Leiden University dissertation (on the rational views of Enlightenment philosophers on Jesus Christ) with preparatory studies for doing missionary work in Indonesia. The latter were focused upon the unity and variety of people groups in the Indonesian archipelago, their languages, history, and religions, with special reference to Protestant Christian missions and churches. I frequently talked with Bernard J. Boland, a former missionary who at the same time was completing his Ph.D. study on Islam in Indonesia, published as The Struggle of Islam in Modern Indonesia (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1971). Most of my teachers in the mission school, later known as the Hendrik Kraemer Institute and nowadays located in Utrecht, were former missionaries in Indonesia. Some of them wrote books in Indonesian, others in Dutch or English. The rectors at that time, for instance, published some stimulating studies. Evert Jansen Schoonhoven's inaugural address at Leiden University, which dealt thoughtfully with the tensions between mission and tolerance, was published as Zending en tolerantie (The Hague: Boekencentrum, 1962). His successor, Ido Enklaar, published De scheiding der sacramenten op het zendingsveld (The Separation of the Sacraments on the Mission Field) (Ph.D. diss, Amsterdam, Holland, 1947), in which he criticized the Dutch missions (and Indonesian churches) that did not allow all baptized members to immediately take part in the Eucharist.

In Indonesia

During my stay in Indonesia (1971-80), I published a bibliography of religious studies and Christian theology in Malay and Indonesian since the seventeenth century. The second volume of this work contains one chapter on missiology and another on polemics and apologetics. In both chapters publications written by Indonesians alternate with translations of Western books. Reference is made to studies of two pupils of Johannes C. Hoekendijk, my predecessor at Utrecht University, who became the founding fathers of missiology as a theological discipline in Indonesia: the Indonesian theologian Johannes L. C. Abineno, who wrote Sekitar theologia praktika (Regarding Practical Theology) (Jakarta: BPK, 1969), with a large chapter on Christian missions, and the Dutch missionary Arie de Kuiper, who wrote Missiologia: Ilmu pekabaran Indjil (Missiology: The Science of Preaching the Gospel) (Jakarta: BPK, 1968). Their thoroughly grounded studies helped me to express my own thoughts in Indonesian.

In the same period, Asian theology outside the setting of Indonesia began to attract my attention. A seminar for Asian and Western teachers of Christian ethics in the theological colleges of Southeast Asia, held at Singapore and organized and chaired by the Japanese theologian Kosuke Koyama, at that time dean of the South East Asia Graduate School of Theology, brought me in touch with Asians other than Indonesians. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Thirty Books That Most Influenced My Understanding of Christian Mission
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.