Examining the Link between Education Related Outcomes and Student Health Risk Behaviours among Canadian Youth: Data from the 2006 National Youth Smoking Survey

By Pathammavong, Ratsamy; Leatherdale, Scott T. et al. | Canadian Journal of Education, July 2011 | Go to article overview

Examining the Link between Education Related Outcomes and Student Health Risk Behaviours among Canadian Youth: Data from the 2006 National Youth Smoking Survey


Pathammavong, Ratsamy, Leatherdale, Scott T., Ahmed, Rashid, Griffith, Jane, Nowatzki, Janet, Manske, Steve, Canadian Journal of Education


Abstract

This study examined whether student tobacco, alcohol, marijuana use, and sedentary behaviour were associated with the educational outcomes of health-related absenteeism, truancy, and academic motivation in a nationally representative sample of Canadian youth. Descriptive analyses indicate a high proportion of students missed school due to health, and skipped class in the last month. Truancy increased with age, and male students are more likely to skip class and be less academically motivated. Logistic regression models showed significant associations exist between substance use and all three educational outcomes. These findings support the need for coordinated action and funding in student health promotion.

Keywords: Adolescent, Youth, Truancy, Absenteeism, Academic Motivation, Tobacco, Marijuana, Alcohol

Resume

Cette etude a examine si le tabac, l'alcool, la consommation de marijuana, et le comportement sedentaire d'etudiants ont ete associes a la reussite scolaire de l'absenteisme lies a la sante, l'absenteisme et la motivation scolaire dans un echantillon national representatif de la jeunesse canadienne. Les analyses descriptives indiquent une forte proportion d'eleves ont manque l'ecole pour raison de sante, et ont saute de classe dans le dernier mois. L'absenteisme augmente avec l'age, et les etudiants male sont plus susceptibles de manquer de classe et d'etre moins motives academiquement. Des modeles de regression logistique ont montre des associations significatives existent entre l'usage des substances et les trois resultats scolaires. Ces resultats confirment la necessite d'une action coordonnee et de financement dans la promotion de la sante des eleves.

Introduction

Adolescent educational achievement is a societal concern of parents, educators, and legislators alike. Poor academic achievement is associated with numerous negative outcomes including greater likelihood of dropping out of high school (Jimerson, Egeland, Sroufe, & Carlson, 2000; Kasen, Cohen, & Brook, 1998), future unemployment (Tanner, Davies, & O'Grady, 1999), and lower adult socioeconomic status (Day & Newburger, 2002; Luster & McAdoo, 1996). Two key predictors of adolescent academic achievement are school absenteeism (Bosworth, 1994; Ou & Reynolds, 2008) and academic motivation (Anderson & Keith, 1997; Ou & Reynolds, 2008). School absenteeism is generally defined as any absence, excusable or inexcusable, from school (Keamey, 2008b). School absenteeism covers the spectrum of absences, such as family trips, absences due to health reasons, being late for classes, skipping classes, or missing entire days of school without parental knowledge or approval (Keamey, 2008b). Although the evidence linking academic success to the type of school absence, excused or unexcused, is mixed (Bosworth, 1994; Eaton, Brener, & Kann, 2008; Farrington & Loeber, 2000; Gottfried, 2009; Moonie, Sterling, Figgs, & Castro, 2008), school administrators identify chronic absenteeism as a major obstacle to academic achievement (Mccray, 2006). Further, chronic absenteeism may be an early indication of future school problems (Bryant, Schulenberg, Bachman, O'Malley, & Johnston, 2000) including eventual early drop out of school (Goodall, 2005).

As truancy, commonly defined as any absence without parental knowledge or approval (Keamey, 2008b), has repeatedly been shown to negatively affect academic achievement (Claes, Hooghe, & Reeskens, 2009; Farrington & Loeber, 2000; Henry & Huizinga, 2007b; Hunt & Hopko, 2009; U.S. Department of Education, 2009), most of the focus of absenteeism centres on this stereotype of students skipping classes or days of school. While truancy is considered a common occurrence in high schools around the world (Henry, Thomberry, & Huizinga, 2009; Willms, 2003), a gap in the research literature exists as to student truancy rates in Canada. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Examining the Link between Education Related Outcomes and Student Health Risk Behaviours among Canadian Youth: Data from the 2006 National Youth Smoking Survey
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.