Experimental and Archaeological Studies of Use-Wear and Residues on Obsidian Artefacts from Papua New Guinea

By Robertson, Gail | Archaeology in Oceania, October 2011 | Go to article overview

Experimental and Archaeological Studies of Use-Wear and Residues on Obsidian Artefacts from Papua New Guinea


Robertson, Gail, Archaeology in Oceania


Experimental and archaeological studies of use-wear and residues on obsidian artefacts from

Papua New Guinea

By Nina Kononenko

Technical Reports of the Australian Museum,

Online 21:1-244 (2011)

DOI: 10.3853/j.1835-4211.21.2011.1559

This timely monograph is a modified version of Kononenko's PhD thesis which was completed in 2008. Kononenko's research incorporates the most comprehensive study of use-wear on obsidian tools published since Hurcombe's (1992) seminal monograph, which has been the 'bible' of obsidian use-wear analysts to date.

The aims of the monograph are three-fold. Firstly, to continue to develop the analytical techniques used in obsidian use-wear and residue studies in order to improve the reliability of functional interpretations of artefacts. Secondly, to provide a resource for researchers in the form of an extensive range of coloured images of use-wear and residues on obsidian, and, thirdly, to apply the methodology to resolve important questions regarding significant technological changes that occurred during the Late Holocene throughout the Western Pacific.

The study comprises an extensive experimental programme involving the use of local obsidian to manufacture tools to process an impressive array of reference materials, most of which are readily available in West New Britain and were obtained and employed locally. The concept of replicating tool use with local materials is methodologically sound, as it constrains at least some of the variability innate in experimental use-wear studies and approximates prehistoric conditions. This discretion persists throughout Kononenko's research, including her choice of the FAO site on Garua Island, West New Britain for her case study. The FAO site has unequivocal stratigraphic and temporal integrity and a large number of obsidian artefacts distributed over the transitional Mid to Late Holocene. This was a period of changing technology (the appearance of Lapita pottery) and the data on obsidian wear patterns obtained from Kononenko's experiments are applied to the functional analysis of the FAO site obsidian artefacts in an effort to address questions of possible concurrent changes in "subsistence, domestic activities, site structure and settlement patterns".

The monograph is organised in two sections. The first part is of three chapters and details the methods, methodology and experimental programme, including the results of 292 replication experiments, with the data presented both in text with excellent summaries and in table form in an Appendix. The second describes the case study in which 190 tools were identified from almost 1400 obsidian artefacts analysed, and their function interpreted by comparison with the experimental use-wear data. The final chapter in this section considers these results within the broader context of Western Pacific archaeology and provides a reconstruction of cultural behaviour at the FAO site during the period overlapping the introduction of Lapita pottery. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Experimental and Archaeological Studies of Use-Wear and Residues on Obsidian Artefacts from Papua New Guinea
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.