Off-Label Use of Atypicals Proves Minimally Effective

By Moon, Mary Ann | Clinical Psychiatry News, November 2011 | Go to article overview

Off-Label Use of Atypicals Proves Minimally Effective


Moon, Mary Ann, Clinical Psychiatry News


FROM JAMA

A typical antipsychotics are effective in only a few of the many off-label conditions for which they are currently used, according to a meta-analysis.

In particular, there is no good evidence to support the use of atypical antipsychotics for substance abuse disorder, eating disorders, or insomnia. And the evidence for using them for posttraumatic stress disorder and personality disorders is characterized as "mixed," said Dr. Alicia Ruelaz Maher of Rand Health, Southern California Evidence-Based Practice Center, Santa Monica, and her colleagues.

Atypical antipsychotics are approved for use in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and, for select agents, depression. But their use has rapidly increased in recent years, and it is estimated that their off-label use doubled between 1995 and 2008.

Dr. Maher and her colleagues reviewed 2,066 articles published through May 2011 on the off-label use of aripiprazole, asenapine, iloperidone, olanzapine, paliperi-done, quetiapine, risperidone, and ziprasidone. For their meta-analysis, Dr. Maher and her colleagues included 162 efficacy trials and 231 trials or large observational studies that addressed adverse events (JAMA 2011;306:1359-69).

Among their findings were the following:

* "First, aripiprazole, olanzapine, and risperidone were associated with small but statistically significant benefits for the treatment of behavioral symptoms in dementia." These drugs improved psychosis, agitation, and symptoms such as hallucinations, suspiciousness, dysphoria, anxiety aggression, disinhibition, and apathy, though they did so only to a degree "considered to be the minimum clinically observable change."

* In three large and very recent trials not included in previous meta-analyses, quetiapine showed significant benefits for generalized anxiety disorder. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Off-Label Use of Atypicals Proves Minimally Effective
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.