The Management of Current Traffic Congestion Status during the Urbanization Development in Guiyang

By Huan, Yang; Heping, An | Studies in Sociology of Science, December 1, 2011 | Go to article overview

The Management of Current Traffic Congestion Status during the Urbanization Development in Guiyang


Huan, Yang, Heping, An, Studies in Sociology of Science


This concept of urbanization was early put forward by Spanish engineer A. Serda in Basic Theory for Urbanization in 1867, and now is widely applied in the world. The urbanization process which characterized as the population gathering to the town and the city continuously is the necessary historical stage for every country during its industrialization. At present, the urbanization level of the world is more than 50 percent and a half of population live in the city resulting in its rapid development. Meanwhile, the excessive consumption of energy, the increasing supply pressure for traffic, water, electric, gas and the quantity of heat plus the excessive population in the city can result in "urban illness". The traffic in the city can be in trouble to restrict the better development of the city with the population centered in the city. The researching task group of the State Council Development Researching Center indicates that the pattern of the traffic is one of the substantial core problems. The future shall rely on the advanced traffic technology to new urbanization pattern with the characteristics of better function, centered development, ecological friendship and harmonious live. About one third of the traffics combined cities and towns in 655 cities are congested during the rush hour under the rapid development of the urbanization according to the sixth Chinese Living Environment Forum. The traffic condition of large cities in developed countries analyzed by Britain SYSTRA Company indicates that the traffic congestion, traffic accident, noise pollution and automobile gas pollution make the cost in paid economy respectively take 2%, 1.5 to 2 %, 0.3 %, and 0.4% of GDP. The influence of the city economy caused by the health cost and the loss of the productive forces resulted from the above factors take 1% to 5% in GDP. And the GDP is the important index for urbanization, so the traffic problems are representative and significant in the process of urbanization. Guizhou province is located in the southwest of plateau and though its capital Guiyang city isn't a largely developed economic center, with the population congregating in the city and increasing of motor vehicles, as the infrastructure in relative poor with the lack of good management means and manners, the terrible traffic congestion here brings much negative influence to Guiyang city, which restrict the urbanization process of the city.

1. TRAFFIC RESEARCH SUMMARIZE AT HOME AND ABROAD

The traffic congestion shall be that when the traffic demands surpass the traffic capability on the roads, the surpassing parts stayed on the roads is called traffic congestion (LU Huapu, 2001). The rapid increase of private automobiles and roads traffic with the highly development of national economy and the rapid urbanization, especially in big city, the traffic congestion, the traffic energy consumption and environment pollution increase rapidly which have been the bottle neck for the development of national economy (LIN Fei, 2006). Each country has enhanced their transportation demand management to use the traffic policy function and certain technology which affect the participator of traffic to choose their traffic patterns, time, address and route, etc. and at the same time, the developed countries such as Europe, America and Japan research and use the intellectual traffic system (ITS) technology in different degrees. The strategy of TOD put forward by Peter Caruso is the important method for the city traffic system intellectual increase indicates that the traffic cannot rely on the automobile excessively and the public bus is the main traffic means in the city. Anthony Downs from America put forward the concept of congestion charging through the triple convergence indicates that an additional charge shall be charged to automobiles on the congestion roads or rush hour. This method is used to adjust the automobile distribution on the city roads net and rush hours to reduce the congestions. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Management of Current Traffic Congestion Status during the Urbanization Development in Guiyang
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.