Today in History
1547 - Ivan the Terrible is crowned Russia's first czar.
1666 - France, allied with Holland, declares war on England.
1761 - British take Pondicherry after siege, marking end of French dominion in India.
1778 - France recognises US independence.
1816 - Portugal's South American colony, Brazil, becomes a kingdom.
1883 - The US Civil Service Commission is established.
1920 - Prohibition, the legal prevention of the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic drinks, begins as the 18th Amendment to the US Constitution takes effect. It is later repealed.
1964 - The musical aHello, Dolly!a, starring Carol Channing, opens on Broadway in New York, beginning a run of 2,844 performances.
1966 - Major General Aguiyi Ironsi takes over power in Nigeria after announcing that an attempted coup has been smashed.
1969 - Soviet cosmonauts achieve first link-up of two manned spaceships while in orbit around earth.
1971 - Swiss ambassador to Brazil, Giovanni Enrico Bucher, is freed in Rio de Janeiro after being held by kidnappers for 40 days.
1973 - United States and South Vietnam declare ceasefire in Vietnam War in hopes of full peace pact.
1979 - In the face of growing unrest, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi flees Iran, never to return.
1991 - US and allied fighters and heavy bombers start pounding targets in Iraq and Kuwait after Iraq fails to meet a deadline on withdrawal from Kuwait.
1992 - A special high court in Greece acquits former Socialist Premier Andreas Papandreou of involvement in a $210-million bank embezzlement scheme; officials of the government of El Salvador and rebel leaders sign a pact in Mexico City ending 12 years of civil war that left at least 75,000 people dead.
1993 - Somali civilians lead US troops to bunkers overflowing with more than 1000 tons of arms and ammunition. A marine spokesman calls the find athe mother lode of arms cachesa.
1995 - 500 motorists are stranded in the Jawahar tunnel in northern India by a snowslide that killed at least 183 people.
1997 - In West Bank city of Hebron, Palestinians dance and sing outside Israeli army headquarters as troops begin departing after 30 years of military rule. …