The Food-Borne Ultimatum: Proposing Federal Legislation to Create Humane Living Conditions for Animals Raised for Food in Order to Improve Human Health

By Boris, Lynn M. | Journal of Law and Health, Summer 2011 | Go to article overview

The Food-Borne Ultimatum: Proposing Federal Legislation to Create Humane Living Conditions for Animals Raised for Food in Order to Improve Human Health


Boris, Lynn M., Journal of Law and Health


  I. INTRODUCTION

 II. BACKGROUND
     A. History of Factory Farming
        1. Intensive Confinement and Contaminated Feed
        2. Non-therapeutic Antibiotic Dosing

III. ARGUMENT
     A. Congress Must Enact Legislation That Creates Humane
        Living Standards for Animals Raised for Food In Order
        To Eliminate Dangerous Human Health Risks Created
        by Reckless Factory Farming Practices
        1. Congress Must Enact Legislation in Order to
           Diminish Widespread Human Suffering Caused by
           Food-Borne Illness
        2. Congress must enact legislation in order to diminish
           antibiotic resistance from the non-therapeutic
           administration of antibiotics
        3. Congress Must Enact Legislation in Order to
           Reduce the Health Hazards of Environmental
           Pollution Associated With High Volume
           Factory Farms
           a. Congress Must Enact Legislation in Order To
              Prevent Water-Borne Disease Caused by Water
              Pollution From Factory Farms
           b. Congress Must Enact Legislation to Prevent
              Respiratory and Neurological Disease Caused
              by Factory Farm Air Pollution
     B. Congress Must Adopt Legislation That Creates Humane
        Living Standards for Animals Raised for Food in Order to
        Alleviate the Burden of Food-Related Illness on the
        Healthcare System
        1. Food-Borne Illness, Antibiotic Resistant Infections,
           and Environmental Pollutants Increase Health Care
           Costs
        2. Inexpensive Meat Promotes Excessive Consumption
           of Animal Products, Which Increases Chronic
           Disease and Associated Health Care Costs
        3. Small Increases in the Price of Meat May Improve
           Health By Discouraging Excessive Consumption
           of Animal Products
        4. Small Increases in the Price Of Meat Will Allow
           Producers to Employ Humane Procedures That
           Will Create Healthier, More Nutritious Meat
           That Reduces the Risk of Chronic Diseases
     C. Congress Must Enact Legislation that Creates Humane
        Living Standards for Animals Raised for Food Because
        Current Federal Law Does not Address Unsanitary and
        Inhumane Living Conditions of Farm Animals
     D. Congress Must Enact Legislation That Creates Humane
        Living Standards for Animals Raised for Food Because
        Current State Law Does not Adequately Address
        Unsanitary and Inhumane Living Conditions of Farm
        Animals
     E. Congress Must Enact Legislation That Creates
        Humane Living Standards for Animals Raised for
        Food Because Federal Regulatory Agencies Have not
        Adequately Addressed the Unsanitary And Inhumane
        Living Conditions of Farm Animals as an Element of
        Food Safety
        1. History of the Regulatory Framework
        2. The Regulatory System Meant to Ensure
           Food Safety is Not Adequately Focused on
           Prevention
        3. The Regulatory System Meant to Ensure Food
           Safety is Fragmented and Inefficient

 IV. DEVELOPMENTS

  V. RECOMMENDATIONS
     A. Federal Legislation
     B. Enactment and Enforcement

 VI. CONCLUSION

I. INTRODUCTION

Imagine coming down with a stomach virus. You are suffering from a mild fever, aches, severe cramping, and diarrhea, so you take some over-the-counter medication, go to bed, and hope your symptoms subside by morning. Instead, over the next several days, you begin vomiting, your diarrhea turns bloody, and your kidneys shut down. (1) You begin to seizure so persistently and violently that your doctor is forced to put you into an extended coma, and when you awake several months later, you are paralyzed. (2) Your physician determines that you are suffering from a severe illness caused by a virulent strain of Escherichia coli (E. …

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