MacArthur Fellow's Focus: Suicide Prevention

By Schneider, Mary Ellen | Clinical Psychiatry News, January 2012 | Go to article overview

MacArthur Fellow's Focus: Suicide Prevention


Schneider, Mary Ellen, Clinical Psychiatry News


At the beginning of his career, Matthew K. Nock, Ph.D., a clinical psychologist, wanted to focus on research that could prevent suicide, but not enough was known about what motivated people to harm themselves for him to start testing ways to intervene.

In the last several years, Dr. Nock, along with his research team at Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass., has been chipping away at some of those unanswered questions, finding links between anxiety and suicidal behavior, and developing a predictive tool that could someday help clinicians identify people with suicidal thoughts.

Last year, Dr. Nock, who at age 38 is a professor of psychology at Harvard, was named as one of 22 fellows by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. The prestigious award was given to a range of people from across the fields of sports, science, and the arts who were selected for their "creativity, originality, and potential to make important contributions in the future."

The award also comes with a $500,000 "no-strings-attached" grant for the next 5 years. Dr. Nock said he plans to put that money right back into his Harvard lab, where he will seed some pilot projects aimed at attaining a better understanding of suicidal behavior.

He said he is also continuing work on the suicide implicit association test, a brief, computer-based test that he and his research team developed. It uses a person's reaction time to measure the extent to which they identify with the concepts of death and suicide. The predictive test has had success in the laboratory and in early tests in the emergency department at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston (Psychol. Sci. 2010; 21:511-7).

The researchers found that the test could distinguish between people with psychiatric distress and those who had made a suicide attempt. It also improved the prediction of future suicide attempts better than with clinician prediction, patient prediction, or chart diagnosis. Dr. Nock said he and his colleagues are now trying to replicate the early results and are assessing different versions of the test: "I think we have promising early findings, and now we really want to first try to improve on our predictive accuracy."

The next step will be to determine whether the test can be useful in clinical decision making. "We're hesitant as a research team to make it widely available and get it out into the hands of clinicians until we know we have the best possible tool," Dr. Nock said.

His research also has uncovered new linkages between suicidal behavior and anxiety that could help clinicians identify people who are more likely to act on suicidal thoughts. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

MacArthur Fellow's Focus: Suicide Prevention
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.