Assessment of the Sustainable Urban Development Level through the Use of Indicators of Sustainability

By Alpopi, Cristina; Manole, Cristina et al. | Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, May 2011 | Go to article overview

Assessment of the Sustainable Urban Development Level through the Use of Indicators of Sustainability


Alpopi, Cristina, Manole, Cristina, Colesca, Sofia Elena, Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management


1. INTRODUCTION

The world is becoming an increasingly urban place. About 65% of the world's population is expected to live in cities until 2025 (Schell and Ulijaszek, 1999). The excessive urbanization is the source of many problems such as pollution, crime, housing, noise annoyance, congestion, shortages of fresh water and energy, etc. (Tanguay et al., 2010, Van Dijk and Mingshun, 2005). The problem of attaining urban sustainable development is thus an important challenge.

The sustainable development concept was defined by World Commission on Environment and Development as "development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs" (WCED, 1987). The necessity of the sustainable development was highlighted at the World Summit of Rio de Janeiro in the summer of 1992, and it was resumed in 2002, at the World Summit in Johannesburg..

Measuring the sustainability in urban areas--which are crucial engines of local socio-economic development, but at the same time present concentration points of environmental decay--is a major challenge for environmental managers and decision-makers. (Moussiopoulos et al., 2010). Sustainable development indicators are a solid base for the regular and long term monitoring of the progress registered in the achievement of strategic objectives of sustainable development and the evaluation of various aspects of sustainability (Hernandez-Moreno and De Hoyos-Martinez, 2010, Ghiga, 2000). They are an indispensable tools for establishing the strategy and policy development, giving a representative image of the three dimensions of sustainable development: society, economy and environment

Many authors (Scipioni et al., 2009) sugest that the adoption of suitable indicators is fundamental to implement sustainable development at the urban level. The use of evaluation indicators and a method for assessing the status of urban sustainable development is required to support urban ecological planning, construction, and management (Li et al., 2010, Hernandez-Moreno, 2010). With sustainability as the goal, the use of indicators for urban monitoring and regulation is becoming more and more in demand (Repetti and Desthieux, 2006).

At international level there are few researches concerning sustainability at city level. Some examples are the studies realized for the cities of Shanghai (Yuan et al., 2003) and Jining (Li et al., 2009) in China, Taipei (Huang et al., 2009) , Granada (Luque-Martinez and Muhoz-Leiva, 2005) and Padua (Scipioni et al., 2009).

In 2008, in Romania, was published the index of sustainable society (Mocanu-Perdichi, 2009), which analyses the current level of sustainable development in eight development regions of Romania. Until present, in Romania hasn't been done such a study at the city level, so the authors have proposed to assess the urban sustainability in four major cities (including the capital of the country) and to rank the cities in terms of sustainability in the period of 2006, 2007 and 2008.

2. THE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

In the following we analyse the current level of the sustainable development of four Romanian cities highlighting the differences between this cities. The data used for the preparation of this study, are statistically data available at the national and local (municipal) level, which were then interpreted and compared.

For an easy assessment of sustainable development status, we used a set of 18 indicators grouped in four categories, as follows: 4 indicators for the economic dimension, 7 for the social dimension, 5 for the environmental dimension and 2 for natural resources. We have choosed the indicators we considered relevant for Romania.

These 18 indicators are:

Economic indicators

1. Gross domestic product per inhabitant (RON);

2. Occupied population per total population (%);

3. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Assessment of the Sustainable Urban Development Level through the Use of Indicators of Sustainability
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.