Seoul Summit: A View from Moscow; International Nuclear Agency IAEA Should Play Central Role
Byline: Sergey Lavrov, SPECIAL TO THE WASHINGTON TIMES
Russia and the United States are the most advanced states in terms of nuclear energy use. We have put an end to the Cold War and the arms race, including the nuclear one. Today, our coun- tries have taken a common stand for the strengthening of the nuclear nonproliferation regime and have intensified their cooperation in combating nuclear terrorism.
Russia expressed its full support for the proposal to hold a nuclear security summit (NSS) put forward by President Obama in 2009. The first summit took place in 2010 in Washington. We reaffirm our political commitments stated in its communique. Russia has signed and ratified the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and its amendment, as well as the Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, adopted by the international community at Russia's initiative. We call on other states that have not yet done so to expedite the completion of the necessary internal procedures for accession to these key international instruments.
Russia and the United States co-sponsored United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, which was adopted unanimously in 2004. Its aim was to create national monitoring systems with a view to preventing nuclear and other weapons-of-mass-destruction-related materials from falling into the hands of non-state actors, including terrorists. Together with the U.S., we have launched the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism, which comprises 82 states and serves as an efficient instrument for cooperation and exchange of best practices addressing the threat of nuclear terrorism at the practical level and strengthening global nuclear security.
Russia believes that nuclear security and safety measures are targeted at the same objective - protecting human life and health and the environment. After the Fukushima tragedy in Japan in 2011, the president of the Russian Federation put forward the proposals on amending the Convention on Nuclear Safety and the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident and also on reinforcing International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) nuclear security standards. …