Review on the Development of Underground Shopping Mall in China

By Yu, Ronghua; Chen, Zhilong et al. | Studies in Sociology of Science, March 1, 2012 | Go to article overview

Review on the Development of Underground Shopping Mall in China


Yu, Ronghua, Chen, Zhilong, Ye, Quanyi, Studies in Sociology of Science


INTRODUCTION

With ease of international relations and boost of comprehensive national strength, the guiding principle for utilization of underground space has taken shape to combine the demand in peace and in war, and benefit common people. In recent years, the development and utilization of urban underground space resource in China experienced the process of focusing on construction of civil defense underground projects, and is gradually moving onto the track of combining urban redevelopment and construction.

Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao recently proposed to actively promote the joint development of civil air defense construction and economic development, and adhere to the combination of civil air defense construction and the urban construction. In Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other large cities, expansion of underground space has become a hot topic for the commercial real estate developers.

China's underground shopping malls are derived from civil air defense projects, and development along with urban construction (Qian & Chen, 1997).It has gradually transformed from one with a very high degree of government intervention into a more market system. Lack of effective planning and a transparent approval mechanism has led to high vacancy rate in many underground shopping centers.

1. TOTAL SCALE OF CHINA'S UNDERGROUND SHOPPING MALLS

With the further development of urban underground space and use of underground construction, more and more underground malls appear constantly in China. In the past 30 years, the development scale of China's urban underground shopping malls is very huge. The total scale of China's underground shopping malls has increased

from 4.6 million square meters in 2003 to 8.49 million square meters in 2010.the annual growth rate is about 7.5%.

[FIGURE 1 OMITTED]

Harbin, Shanghai and Guangzhou rank as the top 3 cities where underground shopping malls are mostly located. In terms of geographic extension, cities located in the North and Northeast China, such as Harbin, Beijing, Changchun, Shenyang and Dalian, are believed to be the dominant region where underground shopping malls are located. East China follows in the 2nd rank with Shanghai, Qingdao, Jinan and Nanjing being the primary areas of underground shopping centers. In South China, Mid China and Southeast China, Guangzhou has the largest number of underground malls. (Euromonitor, 2008)

2. ANALYSIS DRIVERS IN DEVELOPMENT CHINA'S UNDERGROUND SHOppING MALLS

Economic development with GDP growth and rapid development of transportation infrastructure will boost the demand for China's underground shopping malls.

According to the experience of developed countries, when GDP per capita income is between 500 and 1000 US dollar, underground space utilization tends to occur; when GDP per capita income is between 1000 and 2000 US dollar, urban underground spaces can become relatively common place in central urban areas; and when the annual per capita income exceeds 2000 US dollar, urban underground space utilization can reach a high level (Qian, 2001; Chen and Wang, 2005). China's GDP per capita has increased to RMB27652 (approximately 4197 US dollar) in 2010. China has the economic strength to develop and use underground space on a large-scale.

The development speed of urban rail transit in China is unprecedented and ranks first in the world. It is reported that there are 22 cities in which the urban rail transit planning have been approved and the fund invested on it will exceed 0.882trillion RMB before 2020.At present; there are 79 rail lines under construction in the country. According to plan, the number of rail lines will reach 158 and the total mileage will be more than 4189 km in 2015. By 2025, up to 170 new mass transit systems will be built in China, implying better connectivity to suburban areas. It is predicted that more shopping centers will be built to serve these new suburban communities. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Review on the Development of Underground Shopping Mall in China
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.