Investigation on Qingdao, China Public Physical Fitness Activities and Skills
Yong, Shang, Chuanlei, Zhao, Studies in Sociology of Science
More than ten years effective application of Chinese national fitness program has made public's awareness of fitness popular. Health has become the most basic requirement for the public. The concept of health does not only mean physical health, but also includes mental health. With the development of sports facilities and improvement of fitness condition, more and more people start to take physical activities. (LU, 1996; National 1997; SU, et al., 2001; LIN, 2001) "It is better to invite somebody to do exercise rather than eating" fully reflects people's enthusiasm on fitness. After realizing the importance of fitness activities, how to keep this enthusiasm and keep taking fitness activities and physical fitness skills have become inevitable issues. (Research Group, 1998) Different levels of physical fitness skills can directly influence people's physical activity habit and interest and the create of physical activities. Therefore, how to improve physical activity skills are becoming increasingly important. According to this, this paper analyzes the influence of physical fitness skills on fitness activities by investigating different citizens' physical fitness activities and skills in Qingdao, China and gives reasons and evidences for carrying national fitness program further.
1. RESEARCH SUBJECT AND METHODS
The subject of this paper is different people with different jobs in 7 districts and 5 towns in Qingdao, China. The 7 districts are: south of Qingdao city, north of Qingdao city, Sifang, Licang, Laoshan, Chengyang and Huangdao. The 5 towns are: Jiaozhou, Jimo, Pingdu, Jiaonan, Laixi. There are 600 people investigated. 178 of them are more than 60 years old; 183 of them are under 35 years old; and 239 of them are among 35 to 60 years old. There are 545 valid questionnaires returned and the response rate is 90.8%. The design of the questionnaire does not only learn from some aspects of the questionnaire of national fitness program but so draws detailed questions on people's physical fitness activities and skills. The methods this paper contains literature research, statistical analysis, and X2 tests.
2. RESEARCH RESULTS AND ANALYSIS
There are three types of fitness activities in Chinese: Often (take more than 3 times per week); Intermittent (take less than 3 times but more than once per week); Never (take less than once per week). Physical fitness skills are fitness abilities that recognized by the participant himself or herself.
2.1 Attitude Towards Fitness Skills
Table 1 is the questionnaire of "physical fitness skill is one of the important reasons that influencing physical fitness activities" which reflects attitude of investigation subject toward physical fitness skills. The result shows that 68.62% agreed and 31.38% disagreed that physical fitness skill is an important element influencing physical fitness activities. According to the test that p<0.05 and the difference is great. It is recognized that different groups of people who take different physical fitness activities have different attitudes towards fitness skills and the group that often takes fitness activities have paid more attention to physical fitness skills.
2.2 Self Evaluation on Current Physical Fitness Skills
Table 2 is the questionnaire of "self evaluation on current physical fitness skills". It shows that the satisfaction rate is only 9.54%, the rate of the "so so" group is 42.94% and the rate of dissatisfaction is high up 47.52%. It can be seen that subject of the investigation are not so satisfied with their physical fitness skills and the situation of skills they grasped are not too many. After test of p<0.05, it can be concluded that the difference of self evaluation attitudes among different group of people are great. People that don't take fitness activities have lower attitudes toward their current fitness conditions which influence their fitness activities. …