The Basic Rules of Marxist Philosophy Say "No" to the Long-Standing English Teaching: Taking China's Large-Scale English Teaching for Example
Zheng, Feng, Studies in Sociology of Science
Ever since China's English teaching started, the English teaching and learning in the primary and middle schools and universities has focused on the written language (letters, words consisting of letters, sentences and texts). However, as early as before China restored the entrance examinations for universities in 1977, I had done some English teaching experiments on students in several primary and middle schools by adopting self-compiled new phonetic symbols textbooks (with no words consisting of letters, and no texts of words at all ),and had achieved particularly satisfying results. In the first year that China restored the entrance examinations for universities, I entered the department of foreign languages, Shandong University, majored in English and English literature and also showed strong interests in learning phonetic linguistics and philosophy. When I graduated and was assigned to do translation work, the president who was a professor of English, said in front of graduates: "some of the 1977 grade graduates should do research into rules, and try to find out the way in which we Chinese can learn English quickly and efficiently." As soon as I heard his words, I kept pestering the heads of the department to let me quit the assigned job and get a chance of teaching English in a university, so that I could have the opportunity of doing researching into the reform of the English teaching. I did the teaching work splendidly, and meanwhile devoted myself wholeheartedly to probing the reform of the English teaching. From physics, chemistry, mathematics, origin of organisms and life, and the principles of Chinese Traditional Medicine, I tried to prove the principles of a new English learning method by means of imitating thinking orbit. I did experiments repeatedly on students in the primary and middle schools and universities. By reviewing these results as well as the lessons of philosophy textbooks, I found the existing methods of English teaching and researching disobeyed the rules of Marxist philosophy. Duty-bound not to turn back, I have been probing, researching and experimenting and so on for more than 30 years. Now I have become surer and surer that the method and orbit of the long-existing English teaching and learning have been fundamentally mistaken and a speech sound learning method that adopts the rules existing inside the brain and that imitates the thinking orbit can double the effects of teaching and learning.
It is written in History of China S Teaching of Foreign Languages that "the teaching of foreign languages in China began as early as 2,000 years ago ... The earliest-established schools in history of China's modern education, were mostly the schools of foreign languages."(Fuke, 1986:7-15) Following this statement the book mentions Jingshi Tongwen Guan (a school) founded in 1862 and Hubei Ziqiang Xuetang (another school) founded in 1893 as the examples of the new-established foreign languages schools. The 1st school later became Beijing University, and the 2nd became Wuhan University. From the time when the 1st school was founded, until now (especially in these more than 100 years) China's foreign languages teaching has sometimes surged and has sometimes subsided. In the past more-than 20 years, China's foreign languages teaching has reached an unprecedented scale. In the present world, no other country has more teachers of English and English learners than our country. There are hundreds of millions of students learning English in the officially-owned primary schools, middle schools and universities. There are more than 3,000 English training institutions outside the schools and the universities. However, many learners have wasted a lot of time, energy and money, but remain at a relative low level, in spite of the fact that the English teaching has cultivated some talented people. People often criticize the English teaching for having trained a lot of deaf and mute or semi-deaf and mute persons, and the unqualified people who read slowly, or react slowly or write articles full of mistakes. …