Clark Kerr's University of California: Leadership, Diversity, and Planning in Higher Education

By Merritt, Karen | Planning for Higher Education, October-December 2011 | Go to article overview

Clark Kerr's University of California: Leadership, Diversity, and Planning in Higher Education


Merritt, Karen, Planning for Higher Education


Clark Kerr's University of California: Leadership, Diversity, and Planning in Higher Education

by Cristina Gonzalez

Transaction Publishers 2011

254 pages

ISBN 978-1-4128-1458-4

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

The University of California's Clark Kerr cast a long shadow across post-World War II higher education. As architect of California's 1960 Master Plan for Higher Education, he made clear the interlocking missions of the state's community colleges, comprehensive universities, and research university tier. As a laser-sharp observer of American trends, he defined the memorable term "multiversity" to characterize how American research universities were evolving toward an increasingly corporate structure dependent on both federal and private research dollars. Reading the lectures in his 1963 The Uses of the University (Kerr 1963) today is to be astonished once again by the clarity with which he saw what the future would bring. As he revisited his forecasts in four subsequent editions, he continued to be one of America's best observers of higher education.

Thus, it is a surprise to read in Cristina Gonzalez's richly layered new book that "no comprehensive biographical study or systematic analysis of [Kerr's] work has been published to date" (p. 1). Clark Kerr's University of California is an important step in remedying this lacuna. Gonzalez is particularly interested in the light that Kerr's career and thinking sheds on contemporary leadership and succession planning in higher education. As a former dean of graduate studies at University of California, Davis and in a continuing role as professor of Spanish and education, she has led multiethnic seminars that have probed the experiences of Kerr and his successors in the University of California (UC) presidency. From this perspective, she explores in depth one of the sea changes that Kerr missed in his earliest forecasts: the affirmative movement to diversify higher education at all levels through greater participation of women and minorities not solely as students, but also as university leaders in both faculty and administration.

Gonzalez builds her interlocking analysis of access for minorities and women and the evolution of university leadership around the ancient metaphor of the fox ("knows many things") and the hedgehog ("knows one big thing"). As her extensive research into the literature of both university and corporate leadership demonstrates, the metaphor has been a popular way of contrasting the transactional strategist with the transformative visionary. She focuses on post- World War II leadership at UC, analyzing Kerr (UC president from 1958 to 1967) as the model hedgehog and David Gardner (UC president from 1983 to 1992) as the model fox, making use of the insightful memoirs that each has written about his presidency.

To understand Kerr's vision of higher education as it evolved, Gonzalez analyzes the social thinkers from whom he distilled the ideas that would later make up The Uses of the University. From that starting point, she tracks how Kerr's idea of the multiversity--she cites his characterization of it as the "the city of infinite variety" (p. 69)--has been confirmed by the increasing dependence of the federal government and industry on universities to serve the nation's research and development needs. The dilemma that this has created for keeping public higher education's promise open to underrepresented and low-income students is at the heart of Gonzalez's analysis.

To set the stage for understanding this dilemma and UC's efforts to resolve it, Gonzalez offers a brief look at the establishment of higher education in the Americas. She contrasts Spain's short-lived period of colonial schools for indigenous and mixed-ethnicity students with North American development of private higher education in the English, then German, tradition. She then offers a brief history of UC leading up to the post-World War II period, which brings her to the Clark Kerr presidency. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Clark Kerr's University of California: Leadership, Diversity, and Planning in Higher Education
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.