Gorsedd Circle All Set for Hungary? and How 'History of Wales' Fired the Seeds of Rebellion

Daily Post (Liverpool, England), August 7, 2012 | Go to article overview

Gorsedd Circle All Set for Hungary? and How 'History of Wales' Fired the Seeds of Rebellion


Byline: ERYL CRUMP

A GORSEDD circle could be set up in an East European country to strengthen links with the National Eisteddfod.

The unlikely link between Wales and Hungary is being highlighted at the festival in the Vale of Glamorgan this week.

At the weekend the Eisteddfod Choir performed the British Premier of Karl Jenkins' new work The Bards of Wales with soloists Dennis O'Neill and Rebecca Evans.

The piece, which was premiered in Hungary in June 2011, forges an unexpected link between the two countries.

Laszlo Irinyi said the Hungarian poet J[sz]nos Arany was asked to write a poem in praise of the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph. "But as the Austrian overlords had just suppressed the 1848 Hungarian Revolution, the poet did the opposite.

"To satisfy the state censor however, the poem was written in terms of Welsh history rather than Hungarian, telling how Edward I of Laszlo Irinyi from Hungary England executed Welsh bards for failing to sing his praises at a banquet in Montgomery Castle in 1277.

"When Hungary emerged from World War I as an independent state, The Bards of Wales found its place in the national education system and is learnt by heart by all children at the age of 13 or 14.

"In Hungary it is a poem so ingrained into the cultural psyche that adults and children can recite it on demand. …

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