Canada Wins in Brain Drains and Brain Gains

By Murray, Scott | Canadian Speeches, January-February 2001 | Go to article overview

Canada Wins in Brain Drains and Brain Gains


Murray, Scott, Canadian Speeches


"TEXT 1753.","Canadian Speeches: Volume 14, #06, January/February 2001.","Director General, Social and Institutional Division, Statistics Canada.","Canada wins in brain drains and brain gains.","SCOTT MURRAY. ","Immigration and emigration.","In brain drains and gains through emigration and immigration, Canada gains more than it loses; but in some sectors the losses will be difficult to replace. The number of professional and other highly qualified people who leave for the United States is small. They are more than offset by highly-qualified immigrants, who may initially face difficult adjustments but wind up in their chosen fields, earning more than equally-qualified native-born Canadians. In addition to emigration, there has also been a large flow of temporary workers to the United States -- but at least half of these return to Canada, bringing back with them added experience, knowledge and skills. Despite this, the brain drain is still a loss to the Canadian economy and society. A large loss of very qualified people in the academic and healthcare sectors will be difficult to replace. Speech to the "Brain Drain, Brain Gain" seminar sponsored by The Maytree Foundation and The St. Lawrence Centre Forum, Toronto, May 25, 2000."," The issue of the brain drain crawled back onto the federal policy agenda a couple of years ago, after being quiescent since the early 1960s. The fact that it did so, we think, is tied to changes that are happening in the global economy. Giant forces are converting our economies in the OECD [Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development] countries and in many developing countries into economies that are much more integrated, more reliant on information technology, and where competition is, in fact, global. These forces have placed great strain on Canadian companies competing in those sectors where the changes are the greatest.

Part of my job at StatsCan has been to mine existing sources of data to try to see what we can do to characterize the magnitude and nature of the brain drain and any compensating brain gain. We are developing new data sources with our federal colleagues from Citizenship and Immigration, HRDC (Human Resources Development Canada) and Industry Canada to try to help nuance this discussion.

What I am going to try to do is tell you what we know and what we do not know. Overall, the message is complex. Yes, Mabel, there is a brain drain. It is something we have been saying, despite some of our critics, for years now, ever since the Association of Universities and Colleges asked us to look at the issue. We suffer a loss of workers in a range of occupations thought to be important to future economic success. However, the numbers are small by almost any standard.

First, they are small in absolute terms. We are losing roughly 25,000 individuals to the U.S. annually, and 8,000 to 10,000 of those are university educated. So it is a small number of people, something like 0.1% of the Canadian population. In historical terms, the flows are the smallest they have been since 1851. So if we have a problem, we have had a problem for a very long time.

The numbers are also small in relative terms, whether expressed in terms of the total number of workers who are available in the labour force in those occupations, or in terms of the flow of graduates coming out of our post-secondary educational institutions. Even in the most affected occupations -- doctors and nurses -- the proportions being lost are quite small.

At the same time, we are gaining a huge influx of very highly-qualified immigrants, who seem to be enjoying economic success. In the highly qualified sector, we are gaining four university-qualified people from around the world for every one lost to the U.S.; in fact, the total number of masters and doctoral graduates we attract annually exceeds the total number of university-educated lost to the U.S.

In the 1990s, though, we have seen some deterioration in how successfully immigrants have integrated into the Canadian economy. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Canada Wins in Brain Drains and Brain Gains
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.