What Is to Be Done? (the Nonprofit Sector in Canada: Roles and Relationships; Room to Manoeuvre? Globalization and Policy Convergence; Restructuring Societies: Insights from the Social Sciences)

By Smith, Michael R. | Canadian Journal of Sociology, Spring 2000 | Go to article overview

What Is to Be Done? (the Nonprofit Sector in Canada: Roles and Relationships; Room to Manoeuvre? Globalization and Policy Convergence; Restructuring Societies: Insights from the Social Sciences)


Smith, Michael R., Canadian Journal of Sociology


A review of Keith G. Banting, editor, The Nonprofit Sector in Canada: Roles and Relationships. Kingston, School of Policy Studies, Queen's University, 2000; Thomas J. Courchene, editor, Room to Manoeuvre? Globalization and Policy Convergence, Montreal and Kingston, School of Policy Studies, Queen's University and McGill-Queen's University Press, 1999; David B. Knight and Alun E. Joseph, editors, Restructuring Societies: Insights from the Social Sciences, Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1999.

All three of the edited collections under review here are informed by the idea that the environment of Canadian public policy has changed in important ways. The elements of change are globalization, technology, and the political emergence of something called "the new right." These changes in the environment have led to "restructuring" and may lead to even more. This raises several questions. First, given globalization and changes in technology, do governments have choices with respect to policies? If there is a choice, what policies should be chosen? Finally, might it be sensible to select policies the consequence of which is to limit future choices? This latter issue is often central in discussions with respect to the desirability of free trade treaties.

Room to Manoeuvre? is a set of careful examinations of the effects of globalization and technology on Canadian policy options. It contains the most direct consideration of the issue of constraint on policy. The editors' introduction to Restructuring Societies asserts the importance of globalization. It is followed by a set of essays that vary considerably in their attention to globalization but several of which seem to be unsympathetic to the "new right." The Nonprofit Sector assumes changes in the policy environment that have led both to a growth in importance of the sector and changes in its organization. In what follows I will consider each collection separately and then, briefly, return to the broader questions sketched above.

Writing the introductory essay to their collection must have been something of a challenge to Knight and Joseph. The contents of the essays are all over the place. Bob Rae seeks inspiration in Edmund Burke and George Orwell. Each, it turns out, was opposed to extremism. Neither, he thinks, would have been enthused by the "libertarian excesses" (p. 30) of the new right as embodied in the current Progressive Conservative government of Ontario. Moran attempts to draw lessons for Canada from the new right-inspired changes that began in New Zealand in the 1980s. While "according to most macroeconomic criteria, the reforms would be considered a success" (p. 51), Moran seems to think that this would be less the case in terms of the satisfaction of health care and education employees (p. 53). Barling assembles a set of conventional indicators (working hours, the incidence of involuntary part time work and self-employment, duration of unemployment, a sense of ambient insecurity) to make a case to the effect that there has been a decrease in the quality of employment relations in Canada. He further claims that the rise in insecurity has been bad for profits and productivity. Leach and Winson show that most workers who were laid off when their plants closed were subsequently worse off. The collection finishes with two essays on aboriginals (Dickason, Wolfe-Keddie) that are quite interesting but have little to do with the other essays.

Knight and Joseph are a bit ambiguous on the issue of choice. On one hand they argue that "a new form of capitalism characterized by the increased mobility of capital and the rise of transnational corporations, facilitated by the rapid evolution of world-wide digital communications technology" holds "increasing sway" and "presents a challenge to states" (p. 3) -- which rather suggests increasing constraint. On the other hand, "there is no single path along which states are being forced or led" (p. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

What Is to Be Done? (the Nonprofit Sector in Canada: Roles and Relationships; Room to Manoeuvre? Globalization and Policy Convergence; Restructuring Societies: Insights from the Social Sciences)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.