So, What Is an Integrated Transport Policy for Wales?
There is a lot of discussion about an integrated transport policy; but what does it mean and what does it have to integrate? Logistics and supply chain management facilitates operational freight integration to achieve commercial objectives and the most efficient means of moving.
There is no similar framework on the passenger side where there exist four policy and operational aspects to integrate: ? integration within and between different types of passenger transport ? integration between transport activities and environment policy ? integration with land use planning (to reduce the need for travel or travel distances eg to work and to ensure new developments can be reached by public transport). ? integration with policies on social welfare, education, health and wealth creation The range of intervention actions available to the Welsh Government, with a trade-off in expenditure between them based on a single multi-modal evaluation technique, are: ? Rail investment (infrastructure/ rolling stock) ? Bus investment (terminals and vehicles) ? Public transport fares levels and consequent ? Public transport service level contractual payments ? Public transport interchanges / interchanging ? Walking/cycling facilities investment ? Road investment ? Traffic management (physical and fiscal) One format is what was called the 4I's identified as the integration equation for passenger transport:-Information + Interchange + Investment = Integration The absence of any of these elements will hinder or even prevent the development of an integrated passenger transport system.
Policy objectives The Transport Minister's Statement (December 2011) indicated a desire to achieve five primary objectives where integrated transport systems will play an important role 1. Mobility - improvements for deprived, low income, communities particularly in relation to improved access to employment, health and education and retailing of a more affordable nature. The economics of large supermarkets brings economies of scale and thus in general lower prices; and a wider range of food and clothing when compared with locally owned shops or even small neighbourhood stores within a larger procurement and distribution network.
2. An efficient and effective transport network within Wales to enhance inter-area economic activity 3. International connectivity to enable Wales to compete in an increasingly contestable market. This includes connections for our exports of food and manufactured products and for inbound tourism to and from England's large conurbations, other European Union member states and North America and the Far East. All are important markets thus making international links a key policy objective. These links must be efficient in terms of journey times and the reliability of the network to enable producers to achieve their own just-in-time logistics targets. …