Pierre Bauduin. le Monde Franc et Les Vikings, VIIIe-Xe Siecle

By Cattaneo, Gregory | Scandinavian Studies, Spring 2012 | Go to article overview

Pierre Bauduin. le Monde Franc et Les Vikings, VIIIe-Xe Siecle


Cattaneo, Gregory, Scandinavian Studies


Pierre Bauduin Le Monde franc et les Vikings, VIIIe-Xe siecle. L'evolution de l'humanite. Paris: Albin Michel, 2009. Pp. 460.

Over the last fifteen years, Pierre Bauduin has published important research on various topics related to Scandinavian and French medieval history, such as the ethno-genesis and the territorial boundaries of early Normandy, die Scandinavian establishments in western Europe, the integration of the Vikings in the Frankish kingdom, and questions of ethnic identities. This work has made him a respected and influential specialist on the Vikings in France, and many may see in his work a notable continuation of that of the late Lucien Musset, who is certainly well-known to many readers. Le Monde franc et les Vikings, VIIIe--Xe siecle represents both a culmination of Bauduin's previous research and a major revitalization of the study of the relation between the Frankish and the Scandinavian worlds from the eighth to the tenth centuries. Indeed, writing in a post-war context, Lucien Musset and Louis Halphen addressed the "invasions" in terms of a capitulation to the enemy in a climate of defeatism. The concept of accommodation, however, guides Bauduin's reflection and yields a new approach to die Viking impact in the regnum Francorum. Accommodation is defined by the author as "un processus plus general de regulation des relations entre nouveaux venus et communautes etablies ou aux strategies de coexistence entre ees groupes" (36) [a more general process of regulating relations berween newcomers and established communities or the strategies of coexistence between these groups] and is used in order to point out "les mecanismes qui ont pu jouer, ou non, en faveur de l'integration des Vikings dans les societes autochtones" (25) [the mechanisms that may or may not have worked to the advantage of the Vikings' integration into indigenous societies]. Accommodation has also been presented "comme un concept permettant d'aborder les phenomenes de compromis et d'adapation, dans des contextes differents, d'une societe confrontee a une population dont elle a envisage, a un moment de son histoire, l'installation sur son territoire" (343) [as a concept allowing an approach to the phenomena of compromise and adaptation, in various contexts, of a society confronted by a population that it imagined, at a moment of its history, to be colonizing its territory].

In chapters 2 and 3, Bauduin discusses the framework of these negotiations in a detailed study of the terminology of the written sources. Even if most of the transactions are not specifically mentioned there, they might be inferred. Many types of agreements were made in the absence of formal treaties such us pax and the relation of amicitia. Stories of miracles concerning the Vikings are related by the author as examples: in the early 870s, Saint Malo saves the villagers of Cherrueix from the Vikings after they had given him four deniers as a donation. According to Bauduin's analysis, the donation might have hidden a tribute given to the Vikings. Many contemporary stories are distorted by ideological factors, and it is probably the author's most notable accomplishment to have renewed the reading and use of well-known sources. As will be discovered in the examples selected from throughout the book, Bauduin denounces what he calls an apologetic vision of history, a mental construct opposing the subjectivity of the medieval writers to the historical truth: "L'un des effets fut d'alimenter la controverse sur la portee des invasions vikings et la rudesse d'un choc que d'aucuns ne furent pas loin de considerer comme une construction mentale alimentee par une vision apologetique de l'Histoire" (222) [One of its effects was to fuel the controversy concerning the impact of the Viking invasions and the brutality of the shock that some considered a mental construct fueled by an apologetic view of History]. According to Bauduin, this debate hides one element: the circumstances under which the men wrote their own story. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Pierre Bauduin. le Monde Franc et Les Vikings, VIIIe-Xe Siecle
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.