'Insourcing' to America; Conditions Are Ripe to Reverse Outflow of Jobs
Byline: Suzanne Fields, SPECIAL TO THE WASHINGTON TIMES
We've given up our role as the manufacturing colossus, which blinds us to the reality that the times, they are a-changing - again. For decades, writes James Fallows in The Atlantic magazine, every trend in manufacturing favored the developing world and worked against the United States. But new tools that greatly speed up development from idea to finished product encourage start-up companies to locate here, not in Asia.
He found his epiphany when he visited a factory in China that makes computers, smartphones and games for brands such as Apple, Dell and Nintendo, enabling the American brands to exploit cheap labor in China to keep prices low in America. We've known for a long time that conditions are grim and often intolerable in Asian sweatshops, but we've turned a blind eye. We got the goods at the right price, and everyone was happy - or so we wanted to think. We rationalized that the workers who made these wondrous machines were happy to have jobs, and if some factories put landing nets under dormitory windows to catch workers making suicide jumps, well, we wouldn't think about that.
We've ignored or overlooked as well how Chinese worker attitudes are changing, making their compliance with economic necessity more complicated as invention and innovation here raised our ability to compete.
Even in communist China, it was inevitable that workers would want better lives for themselves. Many are the second generation off the farm and have no desire to till the land of their fathers. Many never did. Instead, they see their future in an urban world and want a piece of the prosperity pie they helped bake.
One of the more telling details concerns Chinese women. Women, with diligence, smaller hands than men's and more careful attention to detail, usually are better at high-precision work. They learn new techniques more quickly than men. Many have climbed to high positions at the factory. As a result, they're leaving for better jobs and easier conditions.
Asian workers haven't yet found their Charles Dickens or Upton Sinclair to tell their story of miserable, soul-killing conditions and shape their yearnings and aspirations into a moving narrative. …