Screen Children with Autism for Suicide Ideation, Attempts

By Boschert, Sherry | Clinical Psychiatry News, January 2013 | Go to article overview

Screen Children with Autism for Suicide Ideation, Attempts


Boschert, Sherry, Clinical Psychiatry News


AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY

SAN FRANCISCO--Suicide attempts or ideation were a problem in 43% of autistic children compared with 14% of depressed nonautistic children and 0.5% of children with neither depression nor autism, in a prospective study of 1,012 children.

Mothers of the children rated 165 items on the Pediatric Behavior Scale from "not at all a problem" to very often a problem." Suicide ideation and attempts were considered a problem if they occurred anywhere from sometimes to very often.

"Because suicide ideation and attempts in autism are significantly higher than the norm, all children with autism should be screened for suicide ideation or attempts," Angela A. Gorman, Ph.D., said at a poster presentation at the meeting.

Among the 179 autistic children, 77% of those with suicide ideation or attempts were depressed, but only 28% of those with depression had suicide ideation or attempts. Among autistic children without depression, 95% had no suicide ideation or attempts, reported Dr. Gorman, a clinical psychologist in the department of psychiatry at Pennsylvania State College of Medicine, Hershey, and her associates.

The autistic children ranged in age from 1 to 16 years; 68% had high-function autism (defined as an IQ of 80 or higher), and the rest had low-functioning autism. The 35 nonautistic children with depression ranged in age from 8 to 16 years, and the 186 typical children were 6-12 years old.

Males comprised 84% of the autistic group, 26% of the nonautistic depressed group, and 44% of the typical group. The proportions of parents whose occupations were professional or managerial (indicating higher socioeconomic status) were 37% in the autistic group, 51% in the nonautistic with depression, and 51% in the typical group. The study cohort came mainly from rural, central Pennsylvania, where white children made up 92% of the autistic group, 94% of the nonautistic with depression, and 78% of the typical group.

The study assessed numerous variables to identify multiple risk factors in children with autism. Suicide ideation or attempts were more common in autistic males (15%) than females (7%); children with nonprofessional parents (16%), compared with those with professional parents (10%); black or Hispanic children (28%), compared with white or Asian children (13%); and in youths aged 10-16 years (32%), compared with those aged 1-9 years (10%).

Rates of suicide ideation or attempts increased with the number of risk factors, with rates of 1l%-71% in children with two to four of these demographic risk factors (male sex, lower socioeconomic status, black or Hispanic race/ethnicity and older age), Dr. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Screen Children with Autism for Suicide Ideation, Attempts
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.