V. Place-Specific Policy Recommendations

By Wallace, Janet L.; Pruitt, Lisa R. | Missouri Law Review, Winter 2012 | Go to article overview

V. Place-Specific Policy Recommendations


Wallace, Janet L., Pruitt, Lisa R., Missouri Law Review


Policymakers often disregard or are unaware of differences between rural and urban living. Rural residents account for about one-fifth of America's population, (215) but they are frequently invisible or forgotten by law- and policy-makers. (216) As such, the laws and regulations that govern them may reflect urban agendas and be designed for urban contexts. They may thus prove unworkable or inappropriate for families living in rural communities who face different spatial, educational, and economic limitations. (217) Failure to grapple in a meaningful way with the needs of rural people "permits both neglect and romanticization of rural life and livelihoods." (218) in the following sections, we offer specific recommendations for the state's engagements with disadvantaged rural families.

A. Rural Service-Delivery Models

Rural families in distress, particularly those families seeking to meet the requirements for reunification with their children, need access to various ser vices, some or all of which are not available to them. (219) "One-size-fits-all" (220) or "shrink-to-fit" (221) service delivery methods may fail to provide useful resources to needy rural parents. Many implicitly urban service-delivery models will not work in rural communities, even with those delivery models scaled down to serve smaller populations. These failures have cultural and structural components, as rural residents often are unable to engage with urban-designed programs and services that ignore rural realities. (222)

For example, frequent caseworker contact correlates with family reunification, (223) but urban service-delivery models do not consistently lead to increased interaction in rural locales because of spatial obstacles and associated costs. (224) Rural social service staff often must visit families in their homes, (225) many of which are scattered across sparsely populated areas. (226) Staffing shortages and high turnover rates among rural caseworkers further undermine service delivery efficacy when workers are unable to develop relationships of trust that are required to serve a family in distress. (227)

In addition to overcoming spatial barriers, effective service delivery requires caseworkers to understand myriad cultural values, norms, and privacyrelated concerns. For example, the high density of acquaintanceship and associated lack of anonymity that characterize small communities pose barriers to rural caseworker contact. (228) In places where "everybody knows everybody," (229) a family that asks for assistance risks exposing its economic situation, which may result in humiliation, shame, or fear. (230) These and other privacy-related concerns may impede a social worker's ability to maintain contact with a family seeking to avoid embarrassment and community scorn.

Rural cultural values and norms also contribute to rural parents' reluctance to seek outside assistance. (231) Rural sociologists have documented rural residents' tendency to value hard work and self-sufficiency, (232) resist govern mental intrusion, (233) and adhere to patriarchal norms. (234) Such values also may inhibit rural people from availing themselves of public assistance. (235) Rural parents may therefore aggravate grim situations by failing to seek help when they need it. (236)

Home-based models of service delivery, on the other hand, are practical alternatives for rural parents. Urban models tend to offer facility-based services, but rural residents may have difficulty gaining access to them, (237) or they may reject them outright. Home-based or in-home service models offer services outside the confines of a particular facility or place. (238) These models are more practical, private options for rural parents, and studies indicate that home-based service delivery increases the likelihood of reunification. (239) Moreover, utilizing community structures and informal systems of care also improves rural residents' access to services. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

V. Place-Specific Policy Recommendations
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.