A Comparison of MLIS Curricula Taught in Pakistani Library and Information Science Schools with Higher Education Commission Curriculum
Khan, Muhammad Tufail, Mahmood, Khalid, Library Philosophy and Practice
In the modern world the most important way to improve the quality of any education system are to improve the standard of curricula's. Education is the basic need of every country to improve the services and standards of the Nation. The guidance needed to researchers and other students about their research activities is not possible without proper contact with Professional Librarian. Only Professional Librarian plays a key role in helping the researchers to reach them to their target data, books or articles etc. Professional Librarians also getting knowledge from library schools, if they got standardized knowledge from the LIS schools, they obviously help and guide their library users with proper methods. The question is how the Professional Librarians will be of uniform skills with market oriented techniques? It is just possible with the uniformity of LIS schools curricula's. To select the uniform curricula's of LIS schools according to the market needs and implement it in the LIS schools. It is also necessary to review the curricula's after every two years for up gradation and amendments as needed by market. The curricula's is the only way to set target and achieve through syllabi. Role of curricula's is just like a superset and syllabi are like a subset. The key role plays by curricula's in the development of education and as we know that the basic role playing in education dissemination by Professional Librarians. In Pakistan LIS schools must develop the curricula's of MLIS. After getting MLIS degree mostly students join Profession. In the study we therefore focus on the standardization and uniformity of curricula's for the program Master in Library and Information Science (MLIS).
Mahmood (1997) also explains the curricula's in terms of "Every good educational program need strong curriculum". For this purpose Higher Education Commission (HEC) Islamabad also call a meeting in 1995 to discuss the MLIS curricula's of LIS schools in Pakistan. The purpose of this meeting was also to design a market oriented curricula's for LIS schools.
The standardization always plays an important role in the processing of every work. The simple example is the credit or debit card introduced by banks. They just follow the standards and every credit or debit card use everywhere in the world. To achieve the standards many organization works to design standards, implement standards and to achieve the target output through implementation of the standards. The standard work only compares other works with the planned work. In this way Pakistani LIS schools delivering LIS education in the country. But no uniformity in LIS education by LIS schools, as HEC also designed a standardized curriculum for LIS schools in Pakistan, but there is no proper implementation. As the curriculum needs review after each two or three years at least to meet the market need.
A complete set of taught resources in a school or any other academic institution is known as Curriculum. The outline of topics covered is known as syllabus. Curriculum always describes objectives of the system and syllabus always describes the means to achieve them. The Curriculum basically comes from a Latin word means the course of a chariot race. However, curriculum has come to mean much more than a prescribed one track race and calls for a search for an understanding that gives meaning to education that is both functional and ethical Curriculum as a guiding document helps teachers in understanding standards that students need to achieve at the end of a developmental stage. The curriculum document will indicate "what" to teach, "How" the curriculum is to be taught and help in checking "whether" the curriculum is taught as per the document.
Different educationist define curriculum in different ways. Some of them simply equate curriculum to the syllabus that is to be transmitted in the class. …