Linking Labor-Management Relations to Improved Agency Performance: Executive Order 13522 Imposes Significant Obligations on Agencies and Their Union Representatives

By Masters, Marick F.; Albright, Robert et al. | The Public Manager, Spring 2010 | Go to article overview

Linking Labor-Management Relations to Improved Agency Performance: Executive Order 13522 Imposes Significant Obligations on Agencies and Their Union Representatives


Masters, Marick F., Albright, Robert, Gibney, Ray F., The Public Manager


The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) recently reported that more than one half of the union members in the labor force work for government. In fact, 41.1 percent of the government workforce is represented by unions, compared to just 8 percent in the private sector. In the nonpostal federal service, approximately 61 percent of the workforce was represented by unions in 2001 (the latest year for which data are available); about 80 percent of the eligible employees were represented by labor organizations.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Most federal managers, therefore, must deal with a union-represented workforce. To improve labor-management relations in the federal service, President Obama issued Executive Order (E.O.) 13522 on December 9, 2009. Reminiscent of former President Clinton's labor-management partnership edict of October 1, 1993, Obama's order links labor-management relations to the goal of improving agency performance.

Executive Order 13522

Titled "Creating Labor-Management Forums to Improve Delivery of Government Services," E.O. 13522 mandates the creation of such forums throughout the federal service to involve unions in making decisions to improve productivity and save money. The order has significant practical implications for federal managers and the union representatives in their agencies.

New Policy

E.O. 13522 consists of five sections. Section 1 sets the policy and its underlying rationale: "The purpose of this order is to establish a cooperative and productive form of labor-management relations throughout the executive branch." Eliciting labor's involvement provides "an essential source of frontline ideas and information about the realities of delivering government services to the American people." Cooperative forums "will promote satisfactory labor relations and improve the productivity and effectiveness of the federal government."

New Council

Section 2 of the order establishes the 17-person National Council on Federal Labor-Management Relations (Council). Co-chaired by the director of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) and the deputy director for management of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB), it includes seven union representatives, nine management officials, and one neutral.

It is charged to advise the president on labor-management relations; support the creation of labor-management forums in the various departments and agencies of the executive branch; develop measures and metrics to evaluate these forums; and develop innovative ways to improve government performance.

Labor-Management Forums

Section 3 requires agency and department heads to establish labor-management forums at appropriate levels in their respective agencies "to help identify problems and propose solutions to better serve the public and agency missions." It enables employees--through their union representatives--to pre-decisional involvement "in all workplace matters to the fullest extent practicable," regardless of whether the matters are negotiable subjects of bargaining under the Federal Service Labor Management Relations Statute (FSLMRS--Title VII of the 1978 Civil Service Reform Act; U.S.C. 7106).

Agency and department heads are also required to submit plans on how they will conduct a baseline assessment of labor-management relations in their agencies; establish labor-management forums; and develop metrics "to monitor improvements in areas such as labor-management satisfaction, productivity gains, [and] cost savings."

These plans are to be submitted to the council for approval within 90 days of the issuance of the executive order. The council must review and approve or reject the plans within 30 days of receipt. Rejected plans need to be revised within the next 30 days. Thus, agencies and departments with union representatives must have certified plans in place within 150 days of the order. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Linking Labor-Management Relations to Improved Agency Performance: Executive Order 13522 Imposes Significant Obligations on Agencies and Their Union Representatives
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.