The Rise of Borgen Nationalism: The Conundrum of Britishness and the Condition of Scotland
Marr, Andrew, New Statesman (1996)
The battle has been joined and it is growing more bloody by the moment. It took the unionist establishment in London quite a long time to notice how real the prospect of Scottish independence was becoming. Now, after a fusillade of speeches, comes the heavy attack: George Osborne and Ed Balls are united in telling the Scots that they will stop them keeping the pound if Scotland goes its own way.
This is clearly a long-prepared response to so many Scots being undecided and to the rate at which, recently, those undecid-eds have begun to fall more into Alex Sal-mond's Yes camp than the Better Together, pro-Union one. It is brutal and will feel like bullying. The Scots don't react well to bullying, as the polls show; nevertheless, there are few things more unsettling than not knowing what currency your pensions and wages will be paid in.
Some of us have been arguing for several years that Salmond is one of the most formidable politicians in the UK and that London has been remarkably slow to wake up to the mood in Scotland in the 21st century. Things are changing but there are many "what ifs" still unresolved. If Scotland votes for independence in September what, exactly, will happen to the 2015 general election? There are no contingency plans for what to do about Trident. And suddenly a common currency across the main island of Britain is under threat.
Plenty to think about and not much time. For those willing to educate themselves quickly, however, there is now a wonderful range of books on the subject.
The most straightforwardly political and carefully researched of these is The Battle for Britain by David Torrance. The writer, a meticulous political journalist, picks his way through the echoing labyrinth of recent developments in Scotland. He devotes generous space to the questions of currency, economic performance, pensions, defence and foreign affairs. Like Iain Macwhirter's Road to Referendum, it's an essential primer.
Torrance is best on the detailed politics. For most of the book, he manages to do something that has become almost impossible--he maintains an impartial tone. Only at the end, when he offers two rival versions of the future, can I detect any kind ofbias: he suggests that if Scotland votes to stay in the Union it will not be the end of the matter, and at the same time his vision of an independent Scotland is, by and large, a benign one. Although Torrance is Alex Salmond's biographer, unionists can trust this book as much as nationalists can.
He is least convincing when explaining the underlying, passionate urge that has driven the rise of nationalism--the poetry, if you like, behind the policies. This is an important deficit, particularly when addressing southern Britons. On the whole, the modern English disdain nationalism. It isn't much talked about and is largely looked down on as a dangerous perversion, fit only for foreigners and the unbalanced extreme fringes. Patriotism, in the sense of a generalised love of the land, or broad approval of the political dispensation, is still an acceptable watery substitute, though even this is draining away.
But the nationalist phenomenon is beginning to look almost as normal in the contemporary world as modern English secularism. Scotland is not unusual. From Russia and Ukraine to Egypt, China, japan and Argentina, nationalism remains a powerful force. Even inside the EU, a project designed to send nationalism quietly to sleep, it is stirring: in the Nordic countries, and in Hungary and Bulgaria.
What are the most important aspects of nationalism that the English could do with being re-educated about? First, it is a mighty force. Its emotional power to mobilise and upend should never be underestimated. Second, it is a force that is hard to control, a political impulse notoriously unaware of its proper limitations--which is why it became unrespectable in the first place.
Even inside the SNP, there is an uneasiness about the word "nationalism". …