Suryanamaskar: An Equivalent Approach towards Management of Physical Fitness in Obese Females

By Jakhotia, Komal; Shimpi, Apurv et al. | International Journal of Yoga, January-June 2015 | Go to article overview

Suryanamaskar: An Equivalent Approach towards Management of Physical Fitness in Obese Females


Jakhotia, Komal, Shimpi, Apurv, Rairikar, Savita, Mhendale, Priyanka, Hatekar, Renuka, Shyam, Ashok, Sancheti, Parag, International Journal of Yoga


Byline: Komal. Jakhotia, Apurv. Shimpi, Savita. Rairikar, Priyanka. Mhendale, Renuka. Hatekar, Ashok. Shyam, Parag. Sancheti

Background: In India, obesity is highly prevalent in women as compared to men. As the obesity epidemic spreads, there are growing concerns about efficient obesity management. Aims: To compare between circuit training (CT), treadmill (TM) walking and suryanamaskar (SN) training in weight management and physical fitness enhancement in obese females. Settings and Designs: Comparative controlled study conducted in a community setting. Materials and Methods: 119 females of age between 20 and 40 years of body mass index (BMI) between 25.1 and 34.9 kg/m [sup]2 . 87 participants completed the study. Group 1: CT; group 2: TM walking; group 3: Modified SN; group 4: Control. Outcome Measures: Body composition, cardio-respiratory and muscle endurance, flexibility. Statistical Analysis : Within-group data was analyzed with the paired t-test. P =0.05. Analysis between the groups was done using one way ANOVA test. Analysis between the groups was done using ANCOVA test controlling for baseline differences only for those variables that have significant differences at baseline. For those which do not have significant difference at baseline, RMANOVA was done at end of 8 weeks. Results: Reducation in mean body weight in CT group (2.2%), TM (1.7%) and SN (1.6%), (P < 0.05), BMI in all the three groups (P < 0.01), total body fat % in the CT (5%) and SN (3.7%), (P < 0.01), metabolic age with CT (2%) and TM (2%), (P = 0.001). Improvement in muscle mass in CT (4%, P = 0.009), VO [sub]2max in CT group by 17.2%, SN (14%), TM group (8%) (P < 0.05). Upper limb Muscle endurance in CT (51.3%), SN group (51.24%) and in TM group (40%), (P = 0.05), in lower limb TM (21.2%) and SN (24.5%) (P = 0.05), flexibility in SN (12.4%, P = 0.0001). Conclusions: All three methods were effective in weight and physical fitness management. CT and SN were more effective in improving cardio-respiratory fitness and upper limb muscle endurance while only SN was effective in improving body flexibility.

INTRODUCTION

Overweight and obesity are common health conditions and their prevalence is increasing globally. [sup][1] In developing countries, obesity and sedentary behaviour coexists with under nutrition. [sup][2] In India, obesity is highly prevalent in women as compared to men. [sup][3] As the obesity epidemic spreads, there are growing concerns about efficient obesity management. Obesity comes with several causes which makes obesity management more complex. Some evidence suggests that lack of physical activity rather than caloric intake is a major determinant of obesity. [sup][4],[5]

It is the need of the moment to develop effective and comprehensive strategies which can reduce body weight and obesity related co-morbidities. [sup][6] The current targets should be focused on improving overall physical health rather than only reducing body weight.

Physical activity and/or exercise are commonly included as components of lifestyle interventions for weight loss. There are no specific recommendation mentioned on type and intensity of exercise. Various studies using aerobic, resistance or combination of both types of exercises have shown to have health benefits.

Yoga is an ancient Indian form of physical activity which may assist in achieving recommended levels of fitness. Suryanamaskar (SN) is a part of yoga. It is a set of sequential yogic postures which are called as asanas. A review by Ross et al . [sup][7] suggests that yoga may be equally effective or better than exercise at improving a variety of health-related outcome measures like blood glucose, blood lipids and oxidative stress. Nevertheless, there is a dearth of research in the field of SN and also not used frequently as a therapeutic exercise. [sup][8] On the other hand, CT is a popular exercise training method addressing cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscle endurance in a shorter period of time [sup][9],[10],[11] and can be used as a long term maintenance training program [sup][12] in all age groups. …

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