Cummer Celebrates Art Style out of Favor for Much of 20th Century; "Academic Splendor" Recalls Controversy of 19th-Century Academic Painting

By Patton, Charlie | The Florida Times Union, January 29, 2017 | Go to article overview

Cummer Celebrates Art Style out of Favor for Much of 20th Century; "Academic Splendor" Recalls Controversy of 19th-Century Academic Painting


Patton, Charlie, The Florida Times Union


Byline: Charlie Patton

In 2011, as it prepared to celebrate its 50th anniversary, the Cummer Museum of Art & Gardens surveyed its visitors and asked them to choose 50 favorites from almost 5,000 works of art.

Two works by French artist William-Adolphe Bouguereau were chosen: "Return from the Harvest," an 1878 oil on canvas, and "Day Dreams," a 1904 oil on canvas.

If someone had surveyed the art world in 1860, there would have been wide agreement that Bouguereau (1825-1905) was a giant. A similar survey in 1960 would have found Bouguereau had been almost forgotten.

Trained at the government sponsored Academie des Beaux-Arts, Bouguereau was one of the masters of 19th-century academic painting. Not surprisingly, his 1903 painting "By the Sea" is included in "Academic Splendor: Nineteenth-Century Masterworks from the Dahesh Museum of Art."

The Dahesh Museum of Art, located in New York, is the only institution in the United States devoted to collecting and exhibiting European academic art of the 19th century. The exhibit features paintings and sculptures by creative artists trained in the academies and private ateliers of France and other countries, including Jean-Leon Gerome, Gustave Dore, and Antoine-Louis Baye.

The academy trained painters of the mid-19th century were influenced by romanticism and neo-classicism. Nudity was okay if used in a painting depicting subjects that were mythological or allegorical, said Nelda Damiano, the Cummer's associate curator. Paintings depicting history and religion were considered "more noble than landscapes."

The annual Paris Salon, sponsored by the French government, was crucial to the economic success of a mid-19th century artist. Medal winners were given official commissions by the French government, and were sought after for portraits and private commissions. And through the early 1860s the salon was restricted almost exclusively to the academy trained artists like Bouguereau.

But by the early 1860s the academic style was under attack from both realists, who felt academic artists were creating images that were too smooth and idealized and by impressionists, who preferred creating spontaneous images of what they saw to the laborious process academic artists used, beginning with sketches and studies as they worked to perfect their images. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Cummer Celebrates Art Style out of Favor for Much of 20th Century; "Academic Splendor" Recalls Controversy of 19th-Century Academic Painting
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.