Texas: Where Americans, Mexicans, Germans, and Italians Meet: The Hauschild Music Collection at the Cushing Memorial Library and Archives

By Piscitelli, Felicia | Fontes Artis Musicae, July-December 2017 | Go to article overview

Texas: Where Americans, Mexicans, Germans, and Italians Meet: The Hauschild Music Collection at the Cushing Memorial Library and Archives


Piscitelli, Felicia, Fontes Artis Musicae


Introduction

The Cushing Memorial Library & Archives at Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas houses rare books, special collections, manuscripts, and the Texas A&M University Archives. It maintains important and unique collections in many subjects, including Texas and Borderlands, Colonial Mexican Imprints, Western Americana, military history, science fiction, nineteenth-century American prints and illustrators, and the history of books and printing, as well as significant literary collections. The library also houses a working hand press studio where a Book History Workshop is held annually.

An exhibit of items from the Cushing Library's collections that highlight the contributions of Texas and Texans to the nation and the world provided the impetus for the present study. The exhibit was entitled, "Shifting Frontiers: Texas from Spain to Space", and ran from late October 2016 through June 2017.

The Hauschild Collection

The Cushing Library also owns unique and interesting items in relatively minor collecting areas, such as music. The Hauschild Music Collection, part of the larger Texas and Borderlands Collection, is one of these. It contains materials published by, or pertaining to, the Hauschild Music Company of Victoria, Texas, one of the two earliest music publishers and vendors in Texas, which was founded in 1891 by a German-born businessman, George Herman Hauschild. The collection includes eighteen pieces of popular sheet music (marches, waltzes, polkas, ragtime), three of which are fragments; thirty-one sheet music covers; ten photographs; newspaper clippings, mainly from the Victoria Advocate; two posters, and three published scrapbooks edited by Henry J. Hauschild, Jr., The Victoria Sesquicentennial Scrapbook, 1824-1974, The Runge Chronicle: A German Saga of

Success, and the folio-sized A Musical Chronicle from the Historical Scrapbooks. These scrapbooks are highly informative and entertaining, and they contain information that cannot easily be found elsewhere. Unfortunately, they are rather difficult to use for research; none of them is indexed, and the one most critical for this essay, A Musical Chronicle, lacks pagination (1).

Most of the items in the Hauschild Collection are reproductions, and may have been used as proof pages for A Musical Chronicle, since they all appear there with the same markings or annotations. The number of sheet music covers, as opposed to actual sheet music, is a case in point. The two posters and numerous pages in this large scrapbook are replicas of pages in A Pictorial History of Victoria County; other pages in A Musical Chronicle incorporate text from Elizabeth Power Warden's booklet, Through the Years with Music in a Little Texas Town (2). Interestingly, some of the Hauschild music in the Delmer Rogers Collection at the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History at the University of Texas in Austin is also photocopied (3). One wonders how many original exemplars of this material still exist.

It is not exactly certain how or when the Cushing Library came into possession of this collection. However, its copy of A Musical Chronicle is inscribed by Henry J. Hauschild (Junior) to Professor Charles Schultz. Hauschild (1915-2008), the grandson of the company's founder, had a keen interest in local history and book collecting, and was active in several historical associations, hence, the scrapbooks. Charles R. Schultz (1935-2012) was a distinguished archivist and historian who had worked in the Cushing Library for decades, only retiring in 2009. Like Hauschild, Schultz was of German descent, and he came from a small town in south-central Texas. It seems plausible that these two men were friends, given their similar interests and background, and that Hauschild gave this collection to the library through Schultz.

Hauschild Holdings in Other Libraries

Other libraries, mostly in Texas, also own Hauschild materials. …

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