First Republic Day of Armenia

Manila Bulletin, May 27, 2016 | Go to article overview

First Republic Day of Armenia


Today, the people and government of the Republic of Armenia commemorate the day their country became a republic in 1918.

After the 1917 February Revolution in Russia, the Russian Provisional Government established the Special Transcaucasian Committee to govern the territory of modern-day Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia. In November, 1917, the Transcaucasian Commissariat was established, which later decided to gather a general assembly and proclaim independence. The Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic was proclaimed in February, 1918, and it existed for three months. On May 28, 1918, the Armenian National Council declared the independence of Armenia. It was the first modern Armenian state since the fall of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia in 1375.

However, towards the end of 1920, the nation was conquered by the Soviet Red Army. The First Republic of Armenia, along with the Republic of Mountainous Armenia which repelled the Soviet invasion until July 1921, ceased to operate as an independent state. It was superseded by the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic that became part of the Soviet Union in 1922.

After the fall of the Soviet Union, the republic regained its independence as the current Republic of Armenia in 1991. Thus, the Republic of Armenia celebrates its Independence Referendum Day on September 9 to mark the date in 1991 when it was proclaimed an independent state by the Parliament. …

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