E-Library Resources and Services: Improvement and Innovation of Access and Retrieval for Effective Research Activities in University E-Libraries in Kogi State Nigeria

By Anyim, Wisdom O. | Library Philosophy and Practice, February 2018 | Go to article overview

E-Library Resources and Services: Improvement and Innovation of Access and Retrieval for Effective Research Activities in University E-Libraries in Kogi State Nigeria


Anyim, Wisdom O., Library Philosophy and Practice


Introduction

University e-libraries have made research more interesting and have attained the status of intellectually organized information resource Centre and a world of knowledge at researchers' fingertips. Adoption of university e-library is a good match towards making researchers, students, faculty members and the university more research driven. The rationale for adoption of e-libraries in universities in Nigeria is solely to provide electronic and online resources for staff and students in order to enhance educational development and provide educational resources for effective teaching, learning and research activities. Electronic library achieves its objectives by creating opportunities for the users to access and retrieve appropriate information that cater for their information needs at their "beck and call". University e-library is responsible for providing instant access to digitized information, electronic information resources and services with the aid of computer or telecommunication technologies. Electronic library acquires, processes, stores, evaluates and disseminates information via electronic means to the audience in need of information. It can serve as a medium for achieving national and community development through provision of relevant information necessary for decision making and policy enhancement. Electronic library is a multi-disciplinary concept that shares various branches of computer science including data management, information retrieval, library science, document management, information systems, the web, image processing, and artificial intelligence. Multidisciplinary nature of electronic library engenders flexibility in the definitions which makes it difficult to have a singular definition of e-library. However, the format, form and nature of digital libraries give clearer picture of what digital library means.

Electronic library is the library where some or all of the holdings of the library are available in electronic format, and the services of the library are also made available electronically-frequently over the Internet so that users can access them remotely (Onwuchekwa and Jegede, 2011). According to Hirsh (2014), the mission of e-library is to provide both information services and resources that are capable of meeting the research, teaching and learning needs of the faculty and students. Of course, academic researchers see e-library as research Centre and intellectual energy house where knowledge, ideas and directions are generated to achieve research goals of the university.

Digital library provides library and information resources in electronic format other than print format and enhances searching of electronic collections distributed across networks, rather than merely creating electronic repositories from digitized physical materials. A digital library is a library in which collections are stored in digital formats (as opposed to print, microform, or other media) and accessible by computers. The content may be stored locally, or accessed remotely (Arora, Trivedi and Kembhavi, 2013).

Daniel in Akpoghome and Jerome (2010) opine that the potential of e-library lies in its use of electronic wide area network in the library in which the users enjoy the euphoria of being in distance and still access library collection. The foregoing reveals that e- library eliminates physical boundaries of data storage, access, retrieval and dissemination of information to users within and across the globe with the use of internet network.

The Library of Congress Collections Policy Statements Supplementary Guidelines (2008) stressed that electronic resource are any work encoded and made available for access through the use of a computer. It includes electronic data available by remote access referring to the use of electronic resources via computer networks; and direct access (fixed media) referring to the use of electronic resources via carriers (e. …

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