Mapping of Colorectal Cancer Research Output with a Focus on India

By Narzary, Richa; Murugan, Chinnaraj | Library Philosophy and Practice, February 2018 | Go to article overview

Mapping of Colorectal Cancer Research Output with a Focus on India


Narzary, Richa, Murugan, Chinnaraj, Library Philosophy and Practice


1. Introduction:

Cancer still continues to be the reason behind the death of millions of people across the globe and as per WHO incidence of death is still expected to rise. Out of more than 200 types of cancer, colorectal cancer is regarded as the third most common among the men and second among the women (Bhawna, 2014). As per American cancer society facts and figures, an estimated death of 50,260 is expected to occur due to CRC in 2017 (Society, 2017). In case of India as per Rajiv Gandhi Cancer research institute, CRC is the 6th most prevalent cancer in India.

Various government organization and agencies around the world like WHO, American cancer Society, ICMR etc. has been taking various initiatives to impart right knowledge and message regarding this dreaded diseases and cure like for example in US, "National Library of Medicine" (NLM), with collection of more than seven million resources and related to medicine, including some of the world's oldest and rarest works has been a center of information innovation since its founding in 1836. In case of India various government organization like ICMR, DBT, Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy known as (AYUSH) etc. are taking several initiatives by supporting and promoting various biomedical research in India in different arears for various diseases for promoting sound health to the people. Such organizations might have also sponsored topics like research on colorectal cancer research under such circumstances it is important for us to know and evaluate the research output and its productivity, authors productivity etc. for future CRC research strategy. To evaluate the research output and productivity scientometrics analysis is generally adopted (Leydesdorff & Milojevic, 2012).

Scientometrics is defined as "the application of quantitative methods which deals with the analysis of science viewed as an information process"(Nalimov & Mul'chenko, 1989). It is interdisciplinary in nature typically used to measure scientific publications indexed in databases. The application of scientometric study helps in evaluating the research output, author productivity of various countries, universities, research institutes, journals, specific research topics and specific disciplines.

Previous studies show that using scientometrics quite a few researchers have already explored the cancer research scholarly communications (Lewison & Roe, 2012; Patra & Bhattacharya, 2005). By applying various methods like Bradford's Law, Lotka's Law in order to identify the core journals core journals and author productivity in oncology research. They analyzed research activities and trends in such activities for different countries and India. In line with this again, other researchers elucidated the research output in the field of oncology by Indians in Canada and USA (Basu, Roe, & Lewison, 2012). Focusing on various aspects such as literature growth research quality, international collaboration, research output by geographical regions, types of research, output by cancer site or manifestation and sources of funding for research etc. even the literature on anemia disease were explored by (Vellaichamy & Jeyshankar, 2014) by taking Scopus database for the period of 1993-2013; focusing on various aspects like authorship pattern, degree of collaboration, most productive authors, subject pattern, major collaborative partners in India, most productive journals, active institutions and highly cited papers.

Similarly, Indian publications in the field of lymphoma cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, gall bladder cancer, lung cancer and breast cancer were analyzed (B. M. Gupta & Gupta, 2015; R. Gupta, Ahmed, Gupta, & Bansal, 2016; R. Gupta, Ahmed, Gupta, & Garg, 2016; R. Gupta, Gupta, Ahmed, & Tiwari, 2014; R. Gupta & Gupta, 2014; Singh, Handa, Kumar, & Singh, 2016); focusing on various aspects like literature growth in such area, research impact, share of international collaborative publications, publication output by geographical areas, type of research adopted etc. …

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