Forming of Conditions for Development of Innovative Activity of Enterprises in Hightech Industries of Economy: A Case of Industrial Parks

By Garina, Ekaterina P.; Kuznetsova, Svetlana N. et al. | International Journal of Entrepreneurship, December 2017 | Go to article overview

Forming of Conditions for Development of Innovative Activity of Enterprises in Hightech Industries of Economy: A Case of Industrial Parks


Garina, Ekaterina P., Kuznetsova, Svetlana N., Romanovskaya, Elena V., Garin, Alexandr P., Kozlova, Elena P., Suchodoev, Dmitriy V., International Journal of Entrepreneurship


INTRODUCTION

The present century needs special tools to meet the ever increasing development of different aspects of human life. Efficient management approaches should be adapted to guarantee the progress in technological, environmental and health aspects of human life (Khorasani & Almasifard, 2017). Building industrial parks plays important role in this regard. This article focuses on the issues of socio-economic cycle of industrial parks. In order to develop an innovative structure, industrial parks need to be created and developed to address the problem of completing the chain of science and technology developments implementation. The industrial park is a special type of contractual inter-firm production network of anchored residents that interact with venture funds and business angel communities, service companies located on specially designed and managed Industrial zone with a single engineering infrastructure and technologically linked to a large enterprise producing the development and manufacturing the final product (Garina, 2014).

The industrial park is a tool that can create the conditions for the development of innovative business. The social and economic cycle of industrial parks suggests the construction of a complex that includes all the types of infrastructure elements needed for commercialization: Laboratories, individual offices and open-space offices, conference rooms, business meeting facilities, business incubator and co-working centre, data processing centre, service companies and representative offices of large companies-potential customers for innovation (Eremin, 2008).

The present study aims to develop and discuss new understanding of social and economic cycle of industrial parks to determine the necessity to implement comprehensive projects of industrial parks development. In this regard, this paper presents and discusses the full description of the two stages of the socio-economic cycle of the industrial park development.

METHODOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK

Degree of Scientific Elaboration of the Problem

The problems of the social and economic transformation of industrial parks are reflected in the works of Porshnev, Rumantseva and Salomatin (2008) and other scientists (Porshnev, 2008).

The scientific works of the following authors give consideration to the management of the development of regional industrial parks: Eremin (2008), Pytkin (2009), Tatarkin (2008) and others (Eremin, 2008; Pytkin, 2009; Tatarkin, 2008).

A significant contribution to the development of the problem has been made by scientists: Efimychev (2011), Kuznetsov (2014), Yashin (2016) and others.

The work is of great theoretical as well as practical importance. Our main objective is to create an infrastructure for the development of innovation activity of industrial parks in high-tech priority sectors of the economy in order to accelerate the development of the innovative sector of the economy.

The article outlines the objectives of establishing the social and economic cycle of the industrial park:

1. To design the project and build industrial parks involving private investments;

2. To attract and place in the industrial park the anchor resident-innovations contractors;

3. To attract and deploy R and D units of large companies in the industrial park areas;

4. To provide full support within the framework of industrial park for the commercialization of R and D innovations results at each stage;

5. To organize the industrial park's activities based on economic expediency and efficiency.

6. To ensure a high commercial and budgetary efficiency of the project.

The studies were conducted using the elements of systemic and economic- mathematical approaches, with the application of systematization, analysis methods (Eremin, 2014).

Note that the expected effect of the industrial park is:

1. …

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