Autonomization as a Humanitarian Form of Regulation of Domestic Ethnopolitical Conflicts

By Valiev, Rafail G.; Voronin, Maxim V. | Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, December 2016 | Go to article overview

Autonomization as a Humanitarian Form of Regulation of Domestic Ethnopolitical Conflicts


Valiev, Rafail G., Voronin, Maxim V., Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict


INTRODUCTION

Global practice of development of states with multi-ethnic society structure is characterized by centrifugal and centripetal tendencies of development. The largest difficulties for development of multi-ethnic state are presented by ccentrifugal tendencies stipulating ethnopolitical conflicts. At this the following pattern is obvious: centrifugal tendencies are amplifying every time and to that degree in which are escalating ethnopolitical conflicts, due to which in direct manner the political crisis is aggravating.

CONDITION OF ISSUE OF AUTONOMIZATION ROLE IN PRACTICE OF STATE CONSTRUCTION

Centrifugal tendencies on multi-ethnic states had stipulated processes of emerging of autonomous territorial formations on limits of the European Union and CIS. So, the practice of regulation of ethnopolitical conflict in Denmark had stipulated the autonomization of Faroe Islands and Greenland, autonomization of Alands (Finnish Swedes) in Finland, 17 autonomous regions in Spain (4 national and 13 historical), in Great Britain--autonomy of Scotland, Wells and Northern Ireland. Practice of regulation of ethnopolitical conflict in countries of CIS had stipulated autonomization of Gagauzia in the Republic of Moldova, Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic in Azerbaijan. In all listed cases the autonomization of national regions was a compromise form of crisis phenomena related to possible dissipation of states. Such historical significance of autonomization practice stipulates its actuality as effective mechanism of overcoming of crisis phenomena on the level of ethnopolitical relations of state and ethnic group, that raised an issue of its self-determination. As justly noted by P.V. Uliyanischev, "the autonomy is an effective way of solution of problems related to preservation of state's unity at maintaining of certain independence of its parts <...>, that guarantee the right of nations for self-determination in multi-national state" (Ulianichev, 2009). Autonomies represent the stage between unitary state and status of confederation subject. Autonomy allows to overcome the controversy between principles of territorial integrity of state and right of nations for self-determination. Autonomy allows to overcome separatist tendencies.

On the background of political crises, determined by civil wars, adjacent to humanitary disasters, the demands for peaceful ways and humanitarian forms of political regulation of ethnopolitical conflicts becomes more and more actual (Brownlie, 1995). Such pattern, for example, is inherent to situation in modern Ukraine, where the absence of compromise option of ethnopolitical conflict regulation is threatening Ukrainian statesmanship not only by consequence of humanitarian disaster in south-east regions, but also by further aggravation of political and economic crisis in regions free from military actions. It is important to note a special significance of Minsk agreements, on which effectiveness exist ambiguous opinions (Magen et al., 2015). From our point of view, these agreements are he most important mechanism of deterrence of conflict sides from military confrontation. However, there is a need of such form of ethnopolitical conflict regulation which can be capable to provide the compromise in post-conflict state construction,

Regulation of Ukrainian crisis is complicated by the fact that sides of conflict should be guided by the principles of international right for self-determination of nation and territorial inviolability and integrity of state. That's why the idea of uncompromising option of separation of Lugansk and Donetsk republics from Ukraine has no perspectives from the point of view of territorial integrity of state. The stated principles of international law can be realized only in unity, on basis of achievement of mutually acceptable compromise, while ignoring of respective principle by one of the sides is assumed to be a violation with all following consequences. …

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