Staff Equality: A Welcomed Addition to the Correctional Workplace

By Booker, Joe W., Jr. | Corrections Today, June 1999 | Go to article overview

Staff Equality: A Welcomed Addition to the Correctional Workplace


Booker, Joe W., Jr., Corrections Today


Editor's Note: This article will appear in the North American Association of Wardens and Superintendents' publication, A View From the Trenches: A Manual for Wardens by Wardens, to be published this summer by the American Correctional Association.

Staff equality - a diversified and multicultural workforce - is an idea that is fairly new to corrections. During the last 20 to 30 years, corrections professionals have begun to realize its benefits. Promoting staff equality is a leadership and human resource management tool that continues to improve the correctional environment.

Contributing Factors

Historically, many prisons throughout the country were built in rural locations because of the quantity and cost of available land. The logical progression was to recruit and hire staff from local communities. Consequently, the majority of staff came from rural backgrounds while the inmates, who were transported from all geographic areas of the state or nation, came from both urban and rural backgrounds. Not surprisingly, the community-based, culturally homogeneous staff were ill- equipped to manage the daily issues raised by the urban-based, multiethnic inmate population. An example of the resulting problems is exemplified by the 1971 riot in Attica, N.Y. The inmates' main complaints stemmed from staff's inability and failure to understand and respect different cultures, ethnic backgrounds and religious needs.

Another issue that has been re-evaluated in recent years is women working in the correctional environment. Traditionally, female correctional staff worked with female offenders. However, in the 1970s, correctional agencies began to employ females to work with male inmates. Initially, female correctional officers were not allowed to work in high-security institutions, ln the federal system, females were exempted from working in these facilities until January 1993.

A third factor that contributed to the development of staff equality was training. The Federal Bureau of Prisons' (BOP) training program, in which all staff are initially trained in the same manner and taught to perform any task in an emergency situation, illustrates this. Regardless of position, all personnel are trained to be correctional officers first and to understand that the security of the institution is their foremost responsibility.

Benefits

The benefits of a diverse staff have proved to be substantial. When staff from different ethnic backgrounds and geographic locations work together, they have an opportunity to learn from one another. Not only is the result improved staff interaction but also improved staff communication with inmates.

Generally, male and female staff develop different methods of communicating and problem-solving with inmates. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Staff Equality: A Welcomed Addition to the Correctional Workplace
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.