A Novel Global Perspective to Public Health

By Ghosh, Shinjita; Sharma, Manoj | Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education, August 2018 | Go to article overview

A Novel Global Perspective to Public Health


Ghosh, Shinjita, Sharma, Manoj, Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education


A Novel Global Perspective to Public Health

Tulchinsky, T., & Varavikova, E. (2014). The new public health. (3 (rd) ed.). Amsterdam: Elsevier, Academic Press.

ISBN 978-0-12-415766-8. Hardback, pp. 884; $120.00 https://www.elsevier.com/books/the-new-public-health/tulchinsky/978-0-12-415766-8

A plethora of popular textbooks on public health in the United States exist at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, such as Berridge (2016), Riegelman & Kirkwood (2016), Schneider (2016), Sharma, Branscum & Atri (2014), Turnock (2016) and so on. But this book is unique in its orientation, as the authors are from Israel and the Russian Federation and bring a fresh, enriching international flavor to the topic of public health. Dr. Tulchinsky has training from Canada and the United States but teaches in Israel and has extensive "hands on" public health experience that provides a rich perspective to this work. Dr. Varavikova is equally distinguished and has been trained in Kazakhastan, Russia and the United States and has opulent experience with the World Health Organization and other international bodies which adds to the tapestry of this endeavor.

The book is divided into 16 chapters. The first chapter provides an account of the history of public health from a global context. Accounts from the prehistoric society, to the ancient times, to the medieval times, to the Renaissance and to the modern times is very well illustrated. Also included are topics such as military medicine and challenges of the twenty-first century. The chapter provides desirable pedagogical features such as learning objectives at the beginning and a list of historical markers which would be indispensable for students.

The second chapter is about the notion of new age public health. Public health has progressed over time to the modern era and now it is focusing mostly on preventable diseases, disabilities, injuries, accidental deaths, etc. Disease prevention and health promotion have become some of the most significant elements in the genre of public health. The concept of community health and social influences on health are also considered in this chapter. The third chapter is an introduction to the basic epidemiology on the perspective of public health. It covers the usual topics in this area and is well written.

The fourth chapter describes the different types of communicable diseases. Classification of communicable diseases, summary of immunity and surveillance, aspects of vaccine and vaccine preventable diseases, selected vector borne diseases, neglected tropical diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, diarrheal diseases and legionnaire's disease, leprosy and HIV AIDS are some highlights of the chapter. The fifth chapter describes non-communicable diseases and conditions. Different preventative methods for hypertension, cancer, diabetes mellitus, trauma, violence and injury, chronic lung diseases, end stage renal diseases, disabling conditions, neurological conditions and visual disorders are explained with proper explanation of various health promotion methods.

The sixth chapter focuses on the importance and magnitude of family health which is the bedrock of physical and emotional health of the individual and the community. The prime unit of a family and the importance of maternal health and family planning is well explained in this chapter. Alongside a brief description of infant and adolescent health, adult health and men's and women's health are also presented in this chapter. The seventh chapter targets special community health needs. The chapter also discusses oral health and associated topics like fluoridation, periodontal health, oral cancer, etc. Different special health needs like gay and lesbian health, native peoples' health, prisoners' health, migrant population health, homeless population health, etc. are also found in this chapter.

The eighth chapter is about nutrition and food safety. …

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