Certain STDs Reach Highs

By Wetzstein, Cheryl | Insight on the News, November 16, 1998 | Go to article overview

Certain STDs Reach Highs


Wetzstein, Cheryl, Insight on the News


Sexually transmitted diseases continue to spread among Americans, many of whom discount the risk of contracting one. A congressman who also is a doctor is sounding a shrill warning.

Rep. Tom Coburn, one of the few practicing doctors in Congress, regularly delivers babies -- at least 100 so far this year. But he also informs many patients that they have a sexually transmitted disease, or STD. The news can be crushing, says the Oklahoma Republican. "You break hearts."

The personal suffering caused by STDs, plus their explosive growth in the U.S. population, has prompted Coburn to write a prescription for the nation. "It's time for the sexual revolution of the sixties and seventies to die," he said on the House floor recently. Unless the flood of STDs is checked, it will "complicate the lives, if not take the lives, of our young people." The only real answers, says Coburn: abstinence and monogamy.

There is wide agreement that some STDs have reached unprecedented levels. Twelve million cases are reported each year, of which 3 million are teenagers. (By comparison, there are about 1.3 million cancer cases reported annually.) In 1996, the Institute of Medicine issued a report, "The Hidden Epidemic: Confronting Sexually Transmitted Diseases," warning of the "severe" social and economic burdens of STDs and calling for a "bold national effort to prevent these diseases."

Coburn's call for premarital abstinence and monogamy is not the most popular solution to the epidemic. More often, activists call for more public education, more health screenings for STDs and condom use. "Abstinence and monogamy are 100 percent effective if they are practiced," says Debra W. Haffner, president of the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States, or SIECUS. "But we know that abstinence and monogamy are not always practiced even by people who say they are practicing them.... There are lots of studies that show that if you give people good education, they will protect themselves."

According to SIECUS, proper condom use can block the spread of HIV virtually every time and can be "99.9 percent effective in reducing the risk of STD transmission when combined with spermicide." Others argue that condoms cannot protect against all STDs and are considered almost useless in preventing one of the fastest-spreading STDs, genital warts. Coburn says condoms are most effective against HIV, chlamydia and gonorrhea, less so in stopping genital herpes and warts, both of which are incurable and often asymptomatic.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 45 million Americans carry herpes, which causes painful outbreaks and is dangerous during pregnancy because it can damage or kill the fetus. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Certain STDs Reach Highs
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.