The Differential Test of Conduct and Emotional Problems as an Evaluative Tool for the Willie M. Program

By West Heather A.; Verhaagen, David A. | Adolescence, Summer 1999 | Go to article overview

The Differential Test of Conduct and Emotional Problems as an Evaluative Tool for the Willie M. Program


West Heather A., Verhaagen, David A., Adolescence


Specialized Youth Services (SYS) was established in 1980 as the result of a class-action lawsuit against the state of North Carolina. The lawsuit, known as Willie M., mandated appropriate treatment for a class of emotionally disturbed children and adolescents. In order to be certified as a Willie M. class member, a child must meet five criteria: (1) be under the age of 18; (2) be diagnosed as having an emotional, mental or neurological handicap; (3) have a history of violent and assaultive behavior; (4) not be receiving adequate services to meet his/her needs; and (5) have been institutionalized or involved with the juvenile courts. Each area program is required to develop and execute a comprehensive plan of habilition for these individuals, ensure that they are receiving an appropriate education, and establish for each client the least restrictive but most appropriate type of treatment setting possible (e.g., their own home, group home or a secure facility).

An evaluation process is essential in a program treating aggressive and assaultive youth. It is a well-studied phenomenon that aggressive behavior in children is likely to predict serious, associated problems in adults. Considering this link with later adjustment, interventions targeting early aggressive behaviors are especially important (Lerner, Hertzog, Hooker, Hassibi, & Thomas, 1988).

Specialized Youth Services addresses the treatment needs of Willie M. clients. They are diagnosed with various disorders and often have co-morbid diagnoses (e.g., ADHD and anxiety disorder). Conduct disorder, however, is most often associated with Willie M. class members because of their frequent aggressive and dangerous behaviors.

SYS designs treatment programming to address these behavior problems. The agency is charged with the mandate of helping clients reduce these antisocial behaviors and progress "toward the goal of independent community living," as stated in the Second Set of Stipulations of the court settlement.

The purpose of the present study was to implement the Differential Test of Conduct and Emotional Problems (DT/CEP) as a tool to assess the extent to which SYS was successfully reducing antisocial behavior and accompanying emotional problems of its Willie M. clients. Although there is no established treatment protocol, a reduction in the scale scores of the DT/CEP was interpreted as indicating that treatment was effective.

METHOD

Subjects

Thirty-six Willie M. class members (25 males and 11 females) aged 10-17 were rated by their case managers. Each client was diagnosed with conduct disorder and often a comorbid diagnosis. All clients had been involved with the SYS program for various lengths of time.

The subject pool dropped to 28 (20 males and 8 females) at the second evaluation because eight clients had either aged out of the program or had moved out of the served area. All clients in the study were actively engaged in treatment during the entire period of assessment.

The types of treatment included outpatient therapy encompassing individual, family, and group therapies, in-home treatment involving parent training and direct interventions, and residential treatment including group homes, independent living arrangements, and independent residential treatment. These treatments were either implemented individually or in combination, depending on the needs of the client.

Materials

Clients were rated on the DT/CEP (Kelly & Vitali, 1990) which includes 63 true or false statements concerning each subject. The statements form two scales: the Conduct Problem (CP) Scale, and the Emotional Disturbance (ED) Scale. Examples of statements on the two respective scales include: "constantly fighting or beating up others," and "often complains of nightmares and bad dreams." This test was chosen because it targets the behavioral and emotional problems often seen in Willie M. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Differential Test of Conduct and Emotional Problems as an Evaluative Tool for the Willie M. Program
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.