Operationalizing Bibliometrics as a Service in a Research Library

By Makar, Susan; Trost, Amy | Information Outlook, September-October 2018 | Go to article overview

Operationalizing Bibliometrics as a Service in a Research Library


Makar, Susan, Trost, Amy, Information Outlook


Introduction

This paper shares the research and methodologies behind ISO's expanded portfolio of bibliometric tools and demonstrates a range of services that can be adapted for use in both academic and special libraries. Bibliometric analysis services can support research objectives from strategic planning to impact assessment, enhancing ongoing efforts to build collaborations with stakeholders.

NIST is a non-regulatory federal agency within the U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC). NIST's mission is to promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve the quality of life. ISO is responsible for creating, maintaining, organizing, and disseminating information to support the research and programmatic needs required to fulfill the scientific and technical mission of NIST.

ISO's path to operationalizing bibliometrics as a service involved responses to a series of customer requests in 2017, often related to strategic planning, that required quantitative analysis beyond traditional citation analysis and research impact assessment. ISO staff already had some experience with co-author network analysis, but had done little with topic or text analysis. The following projects helped ISO expand its bibliometric analysis services to include topic and text analysis, and more customized services.

* ISO's first collaborations involved the identification of emerging research areas relevant to NIST. Program staff became interested in ISO's work searching for "white space" or research opportunities in the strategic areas relevant to the Material Measurement Laboratory (MML).

* The MML, collaboration led to a more detailed and focused study of NIST research in the interdisciplinary area of greenhouse gas metrology for a researcher in NIST's Special Programs Office.

* Several researchers have requested analyses of collaborations and co-authorship in their area of research, with a focus on how their specific laboratory contributes to NIST's body of work.

* Staff in NIST's Program Coordination Office wanted to create a network visualization of NIST co-authorship to understand how agency researchers collaborate across organizational lines.

* Materials scientists wanted to understand the landscape of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning to identify potential authors for a special issue of a journal, and to later write a perspective paper on AI and machine learning.

Each of these requests presented its own set of challenges. Sometimes the challenge was identifying the right body of literature; other times it was using the right analysis tools to show meaningful results. Close collaborations with researchers were necessary to ensure the project stayed on track and that ISO answered the requests with on-target deliverables. ISO staff met several times with each researcher or research group and emailed or spoke with them on a regular basis.

This paper looks at each type of request listed above and describes the challenges of each while sharing the methods and tools for delivering targeted results.

Background

Bibliometrics is broadly defined by the American Library Association as "the use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use." (Young 1983). Bibliometric activities by library practitioners have focused primarily on citation analysis and research impact assessment until very recently.

The papers written by library practitioners have maintained this narrower focus on the "quantitative measure of research output" (Bladek 2014, 330). For example, the bibliometric services described in Bladek (2014) and Leiss and Gregory (2016) include citation counts, h-index calculations, and impact factor measurements along with customer training and engagement. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Operationalizing Bibliometrics as a Service in a Research Library
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.