Career Tech in Content, 1900-1999
The career and technical educational field evolved throughout the century just as the world around it did, experiencing some highs and some lows. Here's a look at 100 years of career tech in the context of history.
Willis H. Carrier designs a practical system for indoor air conditioning
The Wright Brothers make their first flight in Kitty Hawk, N.C.
Advocates of "practical education" argue for boarder public school curriculum that prepares graduates for jobs.
The National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education is founded.
Maria Montessori opens her first day care center in Rome. Her Montessori method of early childhood education, part of the progressive education movement, spreads throughout the world.
Henry Ford develops the first Model T automobile, which sells for $850.
Congress sets an eight-hour work day. Most Americans continue to work 10- to 12-hour days.
Sen. Hoke Smith chairs the commission on national aid for vocational education. World War I breaks out in Europe.
The Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act becomes law. It provides $1.7 million for career and technical education in 1917-18 and creates a federal board.
The United States enters World War I, sending 1 million troops abroad. The war ends in November; Congress passes legislation funding vocational education for veterans.
The 19th Amendment grants suffrage to American women.
John T. Scopes is found guilty of having taught evolution at a Dayton, Tenn., high school. He is fined $100.
The American Vocational Association is founded.
Vocational education enrollment exceeds 850,000; states get $7.2 million for programs.
Congress increases annual appropriations for home economics and agriculture education.
On Wall Street, the stock market crashes on Oct. 29, ushering in the Great Depression.
Franklin D. Roosevelt, elected to the first of four presidential terms, appoints Frances Perkins U.S. secretary of labor. She is the first female cabinet member.
The Dust Bowl hits U.S. western states, blowing 300 million tons of topsoil into the Atlantic Ocean and devastating farm land in Kansas, Texas, Colorado and Oklahoma.
The Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO), later the Congress of industrial Organizations, is formed to expand industrial unionism.
George-Deen Act authorizes an annual $12 million allotment for agriculture, home economics and trade and industrial education. Marketing occupations were recognized for the first time, receiving an authorization of $1.2 million.
Congress passes the Fair Labor Standards Act, providing a minimum wage for the first time.
The U.S. enters World War II after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. The war spurs Congress to pass Vocational Education for National Defense Acts to help prepare war industry workers, many of whom are women.
President Roosevelt signs the G.I. Bill of Rights, providing veterans' benefits,
The George-Barden Act replaces the George-Deen Act and authorizes $28.5 million annually for the increased development of vocational education.
In Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kan., the Supreme Court rules unanimously that racial segregation violates the 14th Amendment.
Rosa Parks refuses to give her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Ala., prompting a bus boycott and marking the unofficial beginning of the American civil rights movement.
Merger of America's two largest labor unions effected Dec. …