How Evidence of Subsequent Remedial Measures Matters

By Chao, Bernard; Santos, Kylie | Missouri Law Review, Summer 2019 | Go to article overview

How Evidence of Subsequent Remedial Measures Matters


Chao, Bernard, Santos, Kylie, Missouri Law Review


TABLE OF CONTENTS  ABSTRACT                                                      609 INTRODUCTION                                                  613   I. BACKGROUND                                               615      A. Federal Rule of Evidence 407                          615      B. Prior Studies                                         621      C. Damages                                               624      D. Hypothesis                                            625  II. EXPERIMENT 1: PREMISES LIABILITY                         626      A. Scenario 1: The Basic Case                            627      B. Scenarios 2 and 3: Not Feasible & Remedial Measures   627      C. Scenarios 4 & 5: Limiting Jury Instructions           628      D. Respondents                                           629      E. Results                                               630         1. Liability (Staircase)                              630            Table 1                                            631            Staircase Experiment, Liability                    631         2. Damages (Staircase)                                632            Table 2                                            633            staircase Experiment:                              633            Damages and Contributory Negligence                633         3. Case Expected Value (Staircase)                    634         4. Summary (Staircase)                                634 III. EXPERIMENT 2: PRODUCTS LIABILITY                         635      A. Scenario 1: The Basic Case                            636      B. Scenario 2: The Presentation of Subsequent Remedial   637         Measures      C. Scenarios 3 and 4: Limiting Jury Instructions         638      D. Respondents                                           639      E. Results                                               639         1. Liability (Snowboard)                              639            Table 3                                            640            Snowboard Experiment, Liability                    640         2. Raw Damages (Snowboard)                            641            Table 4                                            642            Snowboard Experiment:                              642            Damages and Contributory Negligence ("CN")         642         3. Contributory Negligence (Snowboard)                643         4. Net Damages (Snowboard)                            643         5. Case Expected Value (Snowboard)                    644         6. Findings                                           644  IV. DISCUSSION                                               645      A. Implications                                          645         1. Policymakers                                       645         2. Litigants                                          646         3. Researchers                                        647      B. Limitations                                           648 CONCLUSION                                                    650 APPENDIX A                                                    651            Table A1                                           651            Table A2                                           651 APPENDIX B                                                    654            Snowboard Analyses                                 654            Table B1                                           654            Table B2                                           655            Table B3                                           656            Table B4                                           657            Table B5                                           658 APPENDIX C                                                    659 

INTRODUCTION

Federal Rule of Evidence 407 ("Rule 407") prohibits plaintiffs from introducing evidence of subsequent remedial measures to show that the defendant is to blame. …

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