Endangered Species Timeline

Endangered Species Bulletin, November 1999 | Go to article overview

Endangered Species Timeline


The following timeline summarizes some of the many events, both positive and negative, in our nation's growing effort to conserve our rare animal and plant resources:

PRE-1970

1903 President Theodore Roosevelt establishes the first National Wildlife Refuge at Pelican Island, Florida, to protect wood storks, brown pelicans, and other dwindling water birds.

1914 The passenger pigeon, once the most abundant bird in North America, and the Carolina parakeet both become extinct.

1944 Whooping crane population reaches nadir with 21 birds remaining.

1962 Rachel Carson's Silent Spring warns of impacts on wildlife and people from unregulated pesticide use.

1966 Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966 authorizes land acquisition to conserve "selected species of native fish and wildlife."

1969 Endangered Species Conservation Act of 1969 expands on 1966 act, authorizing the compilation of a list of wildlife "threatened with worldwide extinction" and prohibiting their import without a permit, except as specifically allowed for zoological and scientific purposes and propagation in captivity. Crustaceans and mollusks are included for protection, along with mammals, fish, birds, and amphibians.

1970's

1970 Peregrine falcon is listed as endangered.

1972 The Environmental Protection Agency outlaws DDT as a pesticide because of its potential danger to people. The chemical is linked to the thinning of eggshells of bald eagles and peregrine falcons, reducing hatching success and contributing to their endangered status.

1973 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)--80 nations sign this treaty to protect designated plant and animal species by regulating or prohibiting international trade in certain taxa except by permit

1973 Endangered Species Act of 1973 supersedes earlier acts, broadens and strengthens protection for all plant and animal species listed by the U.S. as threatened or endangered, prohibits take and trade without a permit, requires Federal agencies to avoid jeopardizing their survival, and requires species recovery efforts.

1977 First plant species are listed as endangered--San Clemente Island Indian paintbrush, San Clemente Island larkspur, San Clemente Island broom, and San Clemente Island bush- mallow.

1978 Endangered Species Act Amendments of 1978 include the establishment of a Cabinet- level Endangered Species Committee authorized to exempt Federal actions from compliance with certain protective provisions (section 7) of the Act. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Endangered Species Timeline
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.