Nation's Drinking Water Systems Need Costly Fixes

By Mattson, Marcia | The Florida Times Union, July 18, 2000 | Go to article overview

Nation's Drinking Water Systems Need Costly Fixes


Mattson, Marcia, The Florida Times Union


The United States has an expensive water problem on its hands.

Drinking water and wastewater treatment systems are aging and need replacement, at the same time population booms are demanding an increase in those services, and the federal government is requiring more extensive treatment of drinking water.

Yet many water systems don't have the money to pay for the improvements and expansion.

In the next 20 years, the United State's drinking water systems will need an estimated $11 billion more per year than they will have to pay for new infrastructure, according to a report by the Water Infrastructure Network, a coalition of governmental, engineering and environmental groups.

That doesn't include an estimated $12-billion-a-year gap to improve and expand the treatment of wastewater.

Northeast Florida residents can expect their water rates to increase, said Barbara Vergara, a geologist for the St. Johns River Water Management District.

The advantage bigger utilities have is they can spread the cost of new equipment over lots of people, giving them the capital they need to make improvements at a low cost to the users. The Jacksonville Electric Authority, for instance, has evolved from a city utility to a quasi-independent one, acquiring what at one time were 80 separate utilities. It is spending millions during the next five years to get rid of old plants, build new ones and replace its aging sewer system. This year alone it will spend $37 million on water system expansion and replacement, and $37 million on sewer replacement.

But mom and pop utilities don't have the expertise or money to adjust to the changes that must be made, and public utilities have not invested enough over the years in maintaining and improving their waterworks. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Nation's Drinking Water Systems Need Costly Fixes
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.