Ridge and Furrow Survival and Preservation

By Hall, David; Palmer, Rog | Antiquity, March 2000 | Go to article overview

Ridge and Furrow Survival and Preservation


Hall, David, Palmer, Rog, Antiquity


Subdivided strip fields were widespread over most of lowland England before enclosure. Where datable they seem to originate in the late Saxon period and their use survived into the 19th century in some places. In East Anglia and southeast England strips were usually ploughed flat, but in most of the Midlands they were cast up to form `ridge and furrow'. This ridging technique was once used in a central band stretching from County Durham in the north to Somerset in the southwest.

Modern agriculture has removed ridges to such an extent that it has become desirable to preserve some of the increasingly rare good examples. The Monuments Protection Programme of English Heritage, as part of its comprehensive review of the whole of England's archaeological resource, has analysed ridge and furrow in the Midlands (roughly defined as a block from north of Leicester to the Chiltern ridge and from Warwick to Cambridge). The work was undertaken in conjunction with the Heritage section of Northamptonshire County Council and the archaeological officers of the other counties involved. Academic priorities were developed for methods of appraisal and 43 townships within the region have been selected as places where ridge and furrow is worthy of preservation as a monument. Among the criteria used for selection were that a township should have more than about 20% of ridge and furrow surviving (only 120 of the 1500 townships in the region do) and that there are good historical records. It is hoped that a full report of the Open Fields Project will be published by Northamptonshire County Council and English Heritage in 2000.

Ridge and furrow was mapped from vertical aerial photographs taken for each county council at various dates from 1988-1996. An essential next stage, before engaging preservation procedures, was to determine the current state of survival. This was achieved by new vertical photography of all the 43 townships taken in January 1999 by Cambridge University Committee for Aerial Photography. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Ridge and Furrow Survival and Preservation
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.