UNESCO Contributes to Global Peace & Security
On Nov. 16, 1945, 37 countries signed the Constitution of' UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization) in London and formed a Preparatory Commission.
The constitution believed in ``full and equal opportunities for education for all, in the unrestricted pursuit of objective truth an in the free exchange of ideas and knowledge.''
The objective was ``to contribute to peace and security by promoting collaboration among nations through education, science and culture in order to further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, and language or religion.''
A Conference of Allied Ministers of Education (CAME) started its meetings in London in Nov. 16, 1942 and continued until Dec. 5, 1945. Upon the proposal of CAME, a UN Conference for the establishment of an educational and cultural organization (ECO/CONF) was congregated in London with 44 governments represented.
The first General Conference session was .held in Paris from Nov. 19 to Dec. 10, 1946 with the participation of the representatives from 30 governments entitled to vote. The spirit still lives on today.
UNESCO carries out five principal functions to fulfill its goal. It is always concerned with the form and method of education, science, culture and communication for the future. Relying primarily on research, training, and teaching activities, the advancement, transfer and sharing of knowledge is an important issue in the organization. …